各級學敎 管樂隊가 管樂 變遷史에 끼친 影響 : 晉州地域을 中心으로
(The) Influence of school brass bands on the change of wind instrument music history : The Case of schools in Jinju area
음악교육 관악대 음악변천사 관악변천사;
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In preparation for founding a modern national state since the country opened the door to foreign countries, it sent Yeongseonsa to Tianjin in Qing and Sinsayuramdan to Japan in 1881 in order to restructure systems related to the army, science and technology, etc. The reformation of the military system included the establishment of new signal system and the foundation of modern military band. At last four signal trumpeters were produced in October 1882 in the lunar calendar, organizing a military unit. The number of signal trumpeters rose to nine until October 1883 and they were called 'Donghosu (brass signalers).' Since then, Donghosu was renamed as Napalsu (trumpeter) → Gokhosu → Gokhodae, and was reorganized extensively at all military units. In Korean modern history, the first music student who studied overseas was Lee Eun-dol. As a military band leader, he as a prominent figure in the history of military band in the modern Chosun Dynasty. In addition, brass signalers trained by Chinese instructors and Lee Eun-dol evolved with the change of military system and promoted the spread of Western music. Since Gokhodae was launched in April 1882, the line of military band leaders was continued through Lee Eun-dol→Yu Bong-gil and Park Daebong, and to Baek Woo-yong in the 1900s. On February 19 1901 (Gwangmu 5), the military bandmaster of the Guard Regiment Franz Eckert (1852∼1916) was invited and King Gojong's military band was organized. This is the beginning of wind instrument music in Korea. After that, Gyeongseong Band, which was the first civil musical band, held a performance celebrating its foundation on October 13 1919. The members of the band made significant contributions to the development of Western music education and school wind instrument music centering on schools and churches. Particularly in Jinju area, private Jinju Gwangrim School and Baemyeong School, which opened in 1906, started school musical band activities for the first time, leading the spread of Western music, national independence movement and civilization movement. In addition, Jinju Agricultural High School, Jinju High School and Jinju School of Education, which waged active wind instrument music movements under the rule of Japanese imperialism, held Gaecheon Art Festival, the first local art festival, from 1949. Since the liberation, the school wind instrument music bands of Jinyang High School, Jinju Middle School and Jinju Nam Middle School, which were founded in the 1950s, set active wind instrument music movements. In addition, during the period from 1960s to 1980s, school wind instrument bands went through transitional process centering on Jinju Haein High School, Daea High School, Jinju Engineering High School, Seonmyeong Girls' Commercial High School, Jinju Commercial High School, Jinju Girls' High School and Daedong Engineering High School, and general wind instrument bands developed actively. During the period from 1980s to the present, thanks to the development of civil wind instrument music bands and the leading role of wind instrument music bandmasters and professors from school wind instrument music bands, wind instrument music experienced high progress and contributed to the development of Western music education in Jinju and Gyeongnam area. In conclusion, school wind instrument music bands at schools in Jinju areas waged active and positive wind instrument music movement starting from the Japanese annexation of Korea, and made great contributions to the introduction and development of Western music in Jinju area. Furthermore, they promoted school music education, the artistic cultivation of students, the expansion of opportunities, and the development of local culture and art.