이미지 異化를 통한 야간 테크노스케이프의 해석과 평가
(A) Study on the dissimilative image interpretation and evaluation of night technoscape
이미지이화 테크노스케이프 건축공학;
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Urban is an organic system which keeps growing and formed in its culture, economy and society. So urban images have changed as a change of the times. Recently in Korea, as the result of mental and cultural richness, it is needed the creation of urban space with the importance of amenity and quality of life. As the way of practicing it, various discourses are unfolding about urban landscape. The fundamental factor of these changes are caused by changing of human lifestyle as reduction of worktime, increase of freetime and enlargement of worktime in night. This '24 hours society' already predicted by 'Alvin Toffler' in his book "Future Shock". So, with the expanding human life till night, newly change is needed not only extension of life but also surroundings of environment. Considering various images and effects by lights in urban landscape, it is important to abstract night landscape from one's purpose. But most researches in recent urban and landscape planning are focusing on the CBD area or entrance part of the city and are same on the researches about night landscape. We call the landscape as technoscape which consist of infrastructures and vehicles that we use everyday. Nevertheless built places and structures have many functions and have infrastructures which supporting urban structure, those can't help making landscape in night and don't have recognition. In so many cases, these technoscapes aesthetically are dealt with 'non-good landscape'. So in area which is technoscape, it needs to realize to form the good night landscape. In night landscape of our urban, this research's background wishes structures to shift the meaningful place which is not standing out in visual but is necessary structures. Gwang-Ju is progressing in various urban renewal plans so it has a suitable another name Bit-Go-Eul(City of Light). But as the results of reviewing many various reports, it seems that the object was mainly inner-urban and particular parts. Therefore, existing theory of landscape neglect necessary factors, infrastructures and industrial landscape. These actual conditions are the same not only Gwang-Ju but also all other area in Korea. Also in view point of technoscape, important factors to understand urban, like factory area and disuse factory which considered dislikable structure, have to shift the area of expressing placeness or area by using the night lighting. This study intended for Gwang-Ju interpreted and evaluated industrial landscape of technoscapes as dissmilative image. The result of this study is as following : (1) Technical structures or infrastructures are technoscapes what are called production of modernization and industrialization. Night lighting transfigures existing structures or images to renew. Also it can be shown new images by the lighting through same object. Therefore the lighting of night technoscape, unlike the day time, is important to appear the object's images. The type of night technoscape can be divided infrastructure, men-made structure and factories. (2) Theory of night technoscape is based on the dissimilative image. Dissimilative image makes the object renewal which is existing friendly object or not. Object's distinctive and lighting method is important to apply dissimilative method tonight technoscape. The dissimilative method can be divided at four categories. First, the shift of meaning by changing form of the object. Second, the shift of meaning by changing quantity. Third, eliminating method of context. Forth, fusion method with other object. Changing method of object falls to single building and structure, changing method of context appear in particular area and the group of buildings or structures. (3) To consider thechnoscape in outer and inner Gwang-Ju City, examples of this research analyzed 17 technoscapes taking a picture at view point field. Night technoscape, one of the examples, analyzed the changing of form, quantity and context image. The changing of form image showed the simplicity and multi-image of geometry form. The changing of quantity image showed various compositions of geometry form. The changing of context showed that the surroundings of natural environment and industrial area are not fused but combined. Various forms and mixed images made technoscapes combined structures of industrial area. As Discussed in the above, it makes sure that the lighting method with dissimilative images is very important to apply on the night technoscape. And It is hope that these results will be able to the lead more researches about the technoscape.