'-겠-'의 형성 과정과 의미 기능에 관한 연구
(A) Study on a formative process and the function of meaning of '-kess-'
형성과정 의미기능 언어연구 국어연구 국어문법;
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The purpose of this thesis is to renew the position of -kess- in the -ke ha-yeas- by studying on the -kess- as the mode element and -kess- as the situational element after finding out the original meaning against different meanings of -kess- through the study on origin of -kess-. First, -kess- was diverged from the causative form and then -kess- has been showed as -kess- and -ke haess- in modern korean. Therefore the original meaning of -ke ha-yeos- is thought to be Predestination. Second, the meaning of -ke ha-yeos- has been weakened and developed to -kess- through changing from -ke ha-yeos- to -kess-. Third, -kess- has the original meaning of Predestination, which means that the prearranged something is going to happen in the near future. We can find the example sentence that -ke ha-yeos- can be explained as meaning of predestination in middle korean language. Fourth, In modern korean language, the meaning of intention, supposition is derived from the original meaning, Predestination. Fifth, -kess- plays a role as both situational element and mode element, but -kess1- as situational element and -kess2- as mode element have difference in some ways(aspects). -kess1-as situational element can be used in substitution sentence and negative sentence, but when -kess2- as mode element is subsituted or negated, that sentence became the wrong sentence.