아일랜드 작가들의 민족정체성 : 조이스와 히니를 중심으로
National Identity of Irish Writers : Centered on Joyce and Heaney
아일랜드작가 민족정체성 아일랜드문학 영어영문학 조이스 히니;
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Ireland was invaded by a number of powerful countries for centuries. Especially, England has colonized it for about 750 years before establishing Irish Free State in 1922 and Northern Ireland is still under duress of England. So it has experienced the loss of National Identity. Over time, many Irish writers who opposed England imperialism sought to find the National Identity(Irishness) through writing works about that. Both Joyce and Heaney in this study are Ireland writers, and we also can find the problems of Irishness in their works. Firstly, Joyce dealt with the problem of National Identity in his works which are A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses and etc. Even though he left his country at the age of 22, the major theme of his most works was about Ireland, Dublin and the people. He wanted to create the new conscience to resist the England. Secondly, Heaney's works also contain the social, political and historical conflicts in Northern Ireland. He tries to recover the Irish tradition and culture by reversing English value with resistance against the violence of England. Especially, during his early period, he seems to have been somewhat radical and attempts to destroy the English tradition by using the traditional material, the image of the Celt and by expressing his desire for the revival of his own language. The purpose of this study is to research how Irish writers represented National Identity in their works. Their works can be read as the works of resistance, attempting to regain National Identity from the colonial property of England.