老人의 餘暇活動 參與가 認知된 삶의 質에 미치는 影響
(The) Effects of participations in leisure activities on perceived quality of life for the elderly
노인활동 여가활동 삶의질 체육학;
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This study was designed to shed light on the relationship between old people's participation in leisure activities and their perception of life quality. For a statistical, analysis a hypothetic model which was expected to show the causal relationship between senior citizen's participation in leisure activities and their perception of life quality was designed based on theoretic and experiential researches in the social studies of sports and gerontology. The subjects were composed of 1,085 people(male subject: 487, female subjects: 598) aged over 65 and living in Gyeongsangnamdo Province as of 2003. Among these 1,085 people, 1,011 subjects were used for actual data analysis. The background variables this study aimed to control were restricted to reversionary features (gender, age, to have a spouse or not, subjective view of their health, etc.) and achievement features(to believe in religion or not, educational level, satisfaction with their pocket money, preparation for the older life, etc.). To participate in leisure activities or not and participation patterns were used as independent variables and leisure satisfaction, leisure immersion experience and a feeling of solitude were established as parameters affecting the perceived life quality. Leisure satisfaction, leisure immersion experience and solitude were measured using the scales from the previous studies which were based on UCLA scales of solitude developed by Russell and Cutrona, Beard and Raghed's leisure satisfaction scale and Csikszentmihalyi's questions measuring leisure immersion experience and Choi Seong-jae's life satisfaction scales for elderly. T-test, and one-way ANOVA were used for the analyses of the level of leisure activity participation, the level of leisure satisfaction, the level of leisure immersion and the level of solitude. AMOS 4.0 was used for testing a structural equation model through a path analysis. The results of this study are as follows. First of all , the subjects' background variables have a significant influence on the participation patterns of leisure activities and the perceived life quality. Secondly, significantly higher life quality were perceived by leisure activity participants than non participants. Thirdly, the level of participating in leisure activities has significant influence on the perceived life quality. Fourthly, there is a significant difference in the perceived life quality in accordance with the patterns of participating in leisure activities. Fifthly, leisure satisfaction, leisure immersion experience, and the feeling of solitude based on subjects' participation in leisure activities have influence on improving the perceived life quality. The results of this study suggest that increasing the level of old people's satisfaction with leisure time through their participation in leisure activities and their level of immersion experience and relieving them of their feeling of solitude will contribute to improvement of the perceived life quality.