開化期 女學校의 設立과 歷史敎育
(The) Curriculum and the History Education at the Girls School in the Age of Enlightenment
개화기 여학교 역사교육;
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This study is to address how the educational institution for woman had been founded since the introduction of the modern education in Korea, how much the history education affected the arousal of the women's consciousness, and how the shape and the direction of women's consciousness were influenced by the history education. The first modern education for women started with the establishment of EWHA Hak-Dang in 1886. And then the opportunity for education of women increased with following establishment of several governmental and private schools for women. With these modern educational institutions, the women recognized themselves as independent individuals and wanted to learn more. Those educated women participated actively in various social activities and the movement or nation salvation after the decline of the Chosun-Dynasty. In this article, the role of the history education in the evolution of the women's consciousness since the beginning of the modern education and how the history education was actually performed in the girl's schools are investigated. In Chapter Ⅱ, girl's schools established with introduction of the modern education are classified into three categories. How these girl's schools were founded and what was the purpose of the woman are investigated in this chapter. In Chapter Ⅲ, how the history education was actually done in the girl's schools is addressed by investigating the curriculum of those girl's schools, the purpose, the management and frequency of the history education, and the history textbooks. Based upon above studies, the meaning and influence of the history education in the girl's schools are summarized as follows in Chapter Ⅳ; 1. Korean woman realized the concept of the equality of man and woman through the history education after the introduction of the modern education. They abandoned the traditional concepts about relationship between man and woman by learning many activities of women in the history and eventually participated in social activities with these new ideas. 2. The history education contributed greatly to the formation of national consciousness. The history education allowed women to have the concept of national independence and anti-Japanese spirit. With these modernized concepts, the women was involved actively in the restoration of Korean sovereignty and the anti-Japanese fight when the nation met the crisis to lose its independence.