여순사건의 발생 배경과 피해 실태에 대한 인식 : 증언과 구술자료를 중심으로
(A) Study on the Recognition of the cause and the damage of the Yeosun reble
여순사건 발생 배경 피해 실태;
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The Republic of Korea could be established with the 1948 liberation of korea after the U.S. armed force's government occupied the south of the 38th parallel in Han-peninsular for 3 years. The Republic of Korea faced serious challenge after 2 months. It was on the verge of the rebellion of the 14th regiment soldiers. 'Yeosun rebel' unfolded in Jellanamdo-eastern region including Yeosu and Sunchoen, causing a great many injuries and damages, and tested the foundation of Rhee,seung-man government. Taking this opportunity, Rhee,seung-man government purged Anti-Rhee,seung-man power and enforced the system of Anti-Communism. In this paper, I tried to inquire about the recognition of the cause and the damage condition of the Yeosun rebel, at that time by experienced people in Jeollanamdo-eastern region. Most of people didn't know domestic and foreign situation and above all they were distressed by the difficulty of living. It is necessary to know how to recognize 'Yeosun rebel' by the people. Because that is a kind of method discovering historical truth. Most civilians commonly recognized Anti-police emotion and the difficulty of living as the cause in 'Yeosun rebel'. The antipathy of the people against the police was not because of ideology and thought but because of national contradiction and their violent and wrongful acts. Pro-American subordination system was constructed by the U.S. armed force's government maintaining vestiges of Japanese imperialism. The national contradiction made the living of the people more difficult. Pro-Japanese national traitor still monopolized economic wealth and vested rights. So all the people was discontented with that situation. In injury and damage situation, civilians recognized that injury and damage by the rightist was much more serious than the those by leftist. And the type of the kill and wound was barbarous and illegal. It was justified under illegal martial law. In public, they committed murder innocent civilians ignoring just investigation and process. And the repression soldier slaughtered civilians dressed up as a rebel army after testing civilian's response. This slaughter was genocide. In those days, Government perverted the truth and neglected revealing the truth of the kill and wound and military suppression-operations made a sacrifice of man's life and property. It was very important to perserve survival for the most people of region. They recognized the law of life as 'the power is our side' regardless of ideology. A food-shortage, Inflation, and unemployment were pressing problems to the people of the region. This study has some degree limits because of verbal evidence and statement-materials. An eyewitness has selective memory and subjective imagination interpretation. That is difficult to overcome. Oral-statement-materials shows the oneside. But the subjective experience of the individual could represent society in his own way. The factual truth on the ground of record and the narrative truth of the experienced person are not exclusive but mixing. Therefore they have historical value. The various recognition of civilians will help find out the real truth of 'Yeosun rebel'. Moreover it will present correct direction in planning future. And I wish this paper will be an opportunity to recover history of 'non-recorder' who was forced to be silent in cold-war and anti-communism system by vivid oral statement.