「맨스필드 파크」의 제국주의적 요소
Imperialistic Elements in Mansfield Park
맨스필드 파크 제국주의 Imperialistic Elements;
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Jane Austin is famous as a writer of the 'domestic novel'. But this evaluation is from a limited point of view. She lived from the late eighteenth to the early nineteenth century in England when imperialism was practiced by Europeans. It is natural, since literature is a mirror of society, that we should find many imperialistic elements in her novels. This paper aims to examine the imperialistic influences as well as its elements in Jane Austin's Mansfield Park. Antigua, the overseas colony where the patriarch of the Bertram family runs his plantation, is a very important frame in Mansfield Park, and several imperialistic elements are derived from this point. First, we can see the imperialist ideology in which the metropolitan domestic world is entirely cut off from the outside imperialisitc power. Whereas men take sole possession of the latter, the former is a proper 'feminine' area idealized by men. Secondly, we can see the loss of patriarchal authority in those days of England, caused by their frequent absence for the overseas imperialistic activities. Men establish controllable 'ideal woman' and 'ideal female virtue,' and demand women to adapt themselves to that ideal in their homes, not only to get over their lost power but also to prevent women from their sexual disturbances during their absence. Thirdly, we can make an analogy between the process of Fanny's adaptation to Mansfield life and that of obedient colonized people who internalize imperilaist's values. Fanny, heroine of Mansfield Park, entirely accepts female virtue and morality that Sir Thomas suggested and thereby obtains much recognition from him. The imperialist male power completely separates women in their own domestic area, and forces them to follow that domestic feminine model easy to be controlled. In this sense, Fanny can be said as an ideal female type formulated by male who, though passively, complies with the request of imperialist-patriarch's absolute power.