테네시 윌리엄스의 극에 나타난 현실과 환상 : 「욕망이라는 이름의 전차」와 「유리 동물원」을 중심으로
Reality and Illusion in Tennessee Williams`s plays
테네시 윌리엄스 희극 현실 환상;
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Tennessee Williams is an outstanding American playwright who has probed deep into the inner world of man. He attempts to describe the fragile emotions of modern man's mind, that is alien and desperate emotion. Most of his characters are suffering from conflicts between realistic and illusionary world. There are factors which cause Williams' people to flee into their own illusionary world. First, they suffer from inadaptability to reality. Second, they get into conflict when opposite factors encounter in their lives. In addition, williams labeled himself as a fugitive kind and his autobiographical elements contribute to keep the effect if this factor. In the Glass Menagerie, there are three people who don't adjust to the present world. Amanda Wingfield is a typical southern woman who tries to avoid the pain of reality and constantly recollects her past day of Blue Mountain. Laura suffers from inferiority complex and isolation derived from her physical handicap. She escapes into the illusionary world of the glass menagerie which represent her own world. Tom, dejected with the routine of daily life and his mother's and sister's illusionary ones, seeks refuge in the movies and sea voyage. Blanche Dubois in A Streetcar Named Desire goes through a clash between opposing factor. Like Amanda, she doesn't face the world of reality and wants to live in a world of illusion, the Belle Reve stuffs and the imaginary man named Shep Huntleigh. Though these fugitive kinds have fled into their own illusionary world, they still can't mitigate the pain of reality. That is why the life in it is isolated and distorted from the present world. They can find nothing that will help them improve their life in the real world. Due to the failure of overcoming frustration, Amanda and Laura have to give up their hope for the future. Blanche comes to face the fate completely destroyed and is exiled from the present world forever. Tom, though he achieved a little of his aim through escape, remains to lead a tragic life with the feeling of guilt for his family. Williams believes the rejection of life resulted from the escape through man's maladjustment in reality to be a crime. He suggests man needs to awaken in the troubled world, so he can conquer the conflict and frustration and obtain the possibility of salvation.