집단미술치료 프로그램이 중학생의 자아존중감과 학교적응력에 미치는 효과
(The) Effects of Group Art Therapy Program on Middle School Students' Self-Respect and School Adaptability
집단미술 미술치료 중학생 자아존중감 학교적응력;
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This study was conducted to examine the effect of a group art therapy program in improving self-esteem and school adaptation in middle school students. For this purpose, 18 middle school students from one out of two classes at T middle school in the rural K city were chosen as the study group. The author of this study is the homeroom teacher of the students in the study subject. The control group included 18 students who did not go through an art program. The students in the study group went through a group art therapy program with each session lasting 45 min for a total of 12 session. The collected data were analyzed using analysis of covariance (ANOVA) using repeated measurements to examine the effectiveness of the group art therapy program. To see whether the group art therapy program was effective in improving self-esteem and school adaptation in the middle school students, 3 areas of school life were examined by focusing on social and psychological aspects of middle school students. The 3 areas were relationship with teachers, relationship with peers, and relationship with school adaptation. Those students who underwent the group art therapy program showed somewhat improvement in all of these 3 areas. I believe that the program would be more effective later after the students would go through the program for a longer period of time more intensely, based on the result that self-esteem at home and self-esteem at school were changed more significantly after the program compared with before the program. According to the pre-test, the students in the study group showed low levels of recognizing school adaptation or self-esteem at school compared with those in the control group. However, they showed positive attitudes toward school activities such as the attitude toward studying after the group art program. Furthermore, their grades improved significantly compared with the control students although actual figures were not shown. Thus, the group art therapy program was effective in improving self-esteem and school adaptation for middle school students so it could be used as a method of guiding students. In other words, the development and utilization of various group art therapy programs would aid teachers in guiding and counseling students by aiding those students with low self-esteem or low adaptability to school life.