농어촌 소규모 학교경영실태와 교육정책적 과제
(The) Policy of management and education in small schools near farming and fishing villages
농어촌 학교경영실태 교육정책;
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This study is designed to make an analysis of the actual condition of managing small-sized elementary schools at farming and fishing communities, to look into the problems and present improving measures with a view to contributing to the creation of school operation in tune with the special nature of small-sized schools and activating them. With this in mind, the researcher examined how teachers understood small-sized elementary schools, determining the problems with the actual condition of small-sized school administration and improving measures and shedding light on the remedies of compound teaching and learning methods in the operation of the curriculum of small-sized schools. With a view to resolving these research problems, the researcher worked with a total of 200 teachers at 360 elementary school including 178 branch schools in the eastern areas of South Cholla Province with the help of questionnaire research based on generality and validity by sex, position, teaching career, experience at small-sized schools, school location and school size. The following are the findings. First, the subjects turned out to be positively opposed to rearrangement, to prefer promotion and additional point system and to try to avoid small-sized schools due to the burden of work and the inconvenience of life. Second, the subjects thought that their teaching of subjects, developmental activities, event activities, and job performance at the small-sized schools were poorer than those at medium and large-sized schools in terms of the actual condition of school administration but that the human relationship, life guidance, and their relationship with local residents of the former were better than those of the latter. The subjects suggested that combined class should be abolished and that teaching and learning materials should be developed and that much focus should be on the improvement of working conditions and welfare. Third, the subjects responded that the operation of the curriculum and the learning methods of compound teaching and learning at small-sized schools should be improved so as to improve the quality of small-sized schools. Fourth, new systems and legal support should be needed to cultivate devoted teachers and to operate integrated schools. The researcher would like to suggest in relation to the improvement of school administration that positive measures should be worked out to effectively manage small-sized schools and to reduce the burden of work and that the normalization of curriculum operation and the welfare of teachers should be taken into serious consideration. Other than that, teachers should be invited to small-sized schools with the help of aggressive enticement and various types of integration of elementary, middle and high schools should be newly established and operated with a view to making educational finance more effective and improving the quality of education at small-sized schools. Constant efforts should be made to conduct programs for improving specialized scholastic attainments and to secure excellent teachers for the sake of enhancing the quality of education at small-sized schools.