地方議會와 執行機關間의 葛藤解消方案硏究
Between both the local assembly and the executive agency : focusing on cases in Gwangyang city
지방의회 집행기관간 갈등해소;
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The era of Local autonomy in Korea has extensively reopened by composing both a base city council and a megalopolis council in April and July of 1991, since it was stopped in 1961. Having had high expectations and disappointments, it has been created to have new system of local assembly. In spite of finding the reasons for the existence to serve local citizens, the local assembly and the executive agency frequently disappointed us, with failed trust and lack of support for their residents; for instance, there was discord between the city council and the executive agency, there was conflict between councilmen, and there was controversy surrounding a city council secretariat. The executive agency and the local assembly are the two axises which will lead the local government. The chief of the local government, who plays a role to implement his/her authorities given by law and to execute the matters for decision, represents the local government. The local assembly, a representative body for residents, carries out control functions; such as Ordinance establishment, Deliberation & Decision of city budget, and Audits for administrative affairs, against the chief of the local government. An essential functions of the local assembly is not only to observe but also to criticize the executive agency. Therefore, it is a positive phenomenon that inside the agency confrontation type both the local assembly and the executive agency always maintain the tension relationship they have established. On the other hand, a rather negative aspect would be the falling adhesion situation between both agencies. Accordingly, The local assembly has to faithfully comply with their original duties, which are deciding on proceedings, monitoring against the executive agency, and must contribute to develop local autonomy. The executive agency, as a representative agency for residents, consists of members to be elected by citizens. it needs to set up ideal relationships with the local assembly to avoid their conflict and enmity, by admitting various projects proposed by city council into city policies. After systematically analyzing the conflicts which became an obstacle in the development of the local autonomy between both agencies, I divided the conflicts into similar cases referring to newspapers and related documents. In addition to this, I studied cases in Gwangyang city and divided them into similar types; "What is the cause of conflict?" and "What is the scheme of solving conflict between both agencies?". Moreover, I also divided the cases into Behavioral Conflict, Systemic Conflict, Functional Conflict, and Environmental Conflict. Firstly, The Behavioral conflict focused on the actions and attitudes between both councilmen and executive government officials. Secondly, The Systemic conflict has been caused by differing views between the central and local governments. Thirdly, The Functional conflict is found within a range of systems which are the work between councilmen and executive agency members. Lastly, The Environmental conflict depends on whether or not the groups of the local government, consists of the central government, a political party and local resident group, participate in or concerned with administrative procedures. The conclusion of analyzing differing opinions between both the city council and the executive agency, is as follows; ten Functional conflicts, seven Behavioral conflicts, six Systemic conflicts, and four Environmental conflicts. These are recent cases of Gwangyang city, which are classified into three conflict types from a total of 27 cases. Hereby, in the decisions of general policy cases, conflicts between both agencies compositively appeared at the same time. In the introduction of the local autonomy system, we were faced with more Behavioral conflicts among controversial cases in the nation. According to the cases between both agencies in Gwangyang city with in the past 10 years, Functional conflict has increased. Even though several schemes of solving conflicts between both agencies were provided, It is not a perfect solution to all conflicts. Finally, there is a possibility for local autonomy, when Members of the Local government, the chief of local government, councilmen, and residents all together, make an effort to solve conflicts. This is key to making a bright future of Local autonomy. I am really looking forward to continue studying this area, and accelerating the development for Local autonomy.