학력과 은퇴이전의 직업에 따른 노인 여가활동의 행태분석 : 전라남도 순천시 노인을 중심으로
(A) Study on the Elderly's Leisure according to the School Career and Jobs : centered on the Elderly at Suncheon, Jeollanamdo
학력 은퇴 직업 노인 여가활동;
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This study is to grasp the elderly's leisure state, and it is to investigate the variety and differences about the leisure according to the school career and Jobs. And this study is to develop a program that will be helpful to the activation of leisure for the elderly and to supply the basic data to the direction of welfare for the elderly policy in the future. The object of this study was 200 persons above full sixty years old dwelled at Suncheon, Jeollanamdo. The data collection was consisted of interviews through the questionnaire. And the 200 sheets of questionnaires were distributed for the analysis. Also, the frequency analysis, cross analysis, percentage, χ^(2) test were executed by using SPSS statistics program. The conclusion of the analysis about the elderly's leisure state from this study is as follows. Looking at the leisure patterns according to the school career, the elderly with low school career spent leisure alone in their homes or recreational halls. They tended to obtain information about the leisure from their friends. The reason they spent their leisure time why they who were middle school graduate and high school graduate spent their leisure for their health. As for the necessaries for the leisure, it showed that the elderly who were middle school graduate need the money. On the other hand, they who were high school graduate need their friends. For activating the leisure, the government made the economic support prioritize. In the daily life, the elderly who were middle school graduate mainly spent their time in a nap or rest, conversation with their family, Korean playing cardsㆍchessㆍKorean checkers, trimming the flowersㆍgarden, and raising their pets, etc. On the other hand, it presented that the elderly who were high school graduate spent their time in reading books, newspapers, and magazines, various community services, participation in the cultural lecture, making a trip, calligraphyㆍpaintingㆍtechnology, seeing various moviesㆍplays, etc. As for the leisure patterns according to the jobs, the professionalㆍmanagersㆍadministrative workers usually spent their leisure time in the fraternity. But the housewives or the farmers and fishermen did alone or with their friends. As the facilities or places where they mainly spent their leisure time, the professionalㆍmanagersㆍadministrative workers usually used the fraternity or the sports centers. Also, it showed that the housewives or the production workers tended to spend their leisure time in their homes. For the information about the leisure, the professionalㆍmanagersㆍadministrative workers obtained it from the mass media, but the production workers or the farmers and freshmen mainly obtained it from their friends. The reason they enjoyed their leisure why the housewives did for their pleasure and the rest of them for their health. The necessaries in the leisure were the leisure facilities to the professionalㆍmanagersㆍadministrative workers, and the friends to the service workers or the housewives. Their family responded to like the leisure evenly in the classification of jobs. For activating the elderly's leisure, the government should develop and spread the leisure programs and supply the knowledge and information about the leisure to the professionalㆍmanagersㆍadministrative workers. And the government should make the sales workers and the service workers diversifying the social welfare facilities. In the daily life, the housewives or the farmers and freshmen mainly spent their time in a nap or rest, conversation with their family, Korean playing cardsㆍchessㆍKorean checkers, trimming the flowersㆍgarden, and raising their pets, etc. On the other hand, it presented that the professionalㆍmanagersㆍadministrative workers spent their time in reading books, newspapers, and magazines, various community services, participation in the cultural lecture, making a trip, calligraphyㆍpaintingㆍtechnology, seeing various moviesㆍplays, etc. Also, watching TV or listening the radio and exercise were evenly appeared in the classification of jobs. The suggestion of subject about the elderly's leisure through the conclusion from this study is as follows. The education for the elderly should be activated for enhancing the level of the leisure for the elderly, furthermore, for improving the quality in the life for the elderly. The point that the elderly's desire is not the same should be considered. In addition, when the social welfare institutions for the elderly is to make a program for the elderly, the differentiated leisure programs will be developed according to the their differences in the education level, their earnings, and their health state.