유아체육의 실태 및 인지도 조사 연구
(A) Study on the reality and perception of early childhood physical education
유아체육 인지도 실태;
- 원문 URL
The purpose of this study was to examine how people looked at early childhood physical education and to seek ways of offering higher-quality physical activities to preschoolers, as the importance of early childhood physical education that belonged to healthy life area had been overlooked. The subjects in this study were 276 teachers and parents from kindergartens in south Jeolla province. A questionnaire that turned out to be reliable and valid in earlier studies was modified to serve the purpose of this study. After a survey was conducted, frequency analysis, crosstab analysis and χ^(2) test were employed. The findings of this study were as below: 1) As for the perception of early childhood physical education, both teacher and parent groups investigated felt the need for that, and the most common physical education instruction type was play. Many of the teachers and parents conducted physical education for preschoolers. Among those who didn't provide it, the teachers mentioned financial burden and time constraints as the reason, and the parents responded that it's physically enough for young children to attend kindergarten. The physical education was individually offered by teachers in most cases, and both teacher and parent groups were satisfied with that. Regarding instructional principles, they gave top priority to physical development. 2) Both groups viewed healthy life area as most crucial in the early childhood physical education curricula, and believed that it's most important for young children to be aware of their own bodies and move them. As a result of asking what type of workout they wanted young children to play, the teachers were most in favor of Taekwondo, and swimming was most preferred by the parents. Concerning instructional principles, both groups gave the most weight to physical development. 3) Regarding a person who would be responsible for early childhood special education, the teachers and parents preferred specialist teacher, and both groups felt that teacher who would take exclusive charge of physical education was necessary, and the most common reason was that physical education should be conducted in a systematic manner. The largest group of the teachers and parents also considered it needed to create an educational institute that could cultivate early childhood physical education teachers. 4) The largest group of the teachers was interested in physical activities, and the greatest group of the parents responded that their interest level was on the average. Both groups expected that early childhood physical education would spread across the nation in the future. As for the most urgent issue to be addressed, the teachers pointed out that necessary facilities should be expanded, and the parents were most in want of various programs. The teachers thought that universities needed to make research on early childhood physical education, whereas the parent group viewed the authorities concerned as responsible for that. In regard to finance, the former group believed that early childhood physical education should be funded by the central and local governments and kindergarten, and the latter group felt that the central and local governments should take the responsibility.