<노인과 바다>에 나타난 헤밍웨이의 삶의 정신 : 극기정신 범애정신을 중심으로
Hemingway's philosohpy of life in the old man and the sea
극기정신 범애정신 헤밍웨이 노인과바다;
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The aim of this study is to clarify the meanings of stoicism, brothership, and love of all the living things such as big fish through the symbolism in The Old Man and the Sea. Ernest Hemingway is best known for The Old Man and the Sea. Most readers can know the way of living which Hemingway pursued all his life through the novel, The Old Man and the Sea. This novel, based on much experience of his when he was quite old. In order to understand the deep value and to see what Hemingway has done in representing his philosophy of life in the novel, I have studied the elements of meaning such as Man's struggle against the forces of nature and man's stoicism, man's interdependence, and the love of all thing in universe. Man's stoic struggle against the forces of nature occupies two thirds of the whole novel. This is one of the dominating themes Hemingway strenuously looked after throughout most of his works. From beginning to end, the theme of solidarity and interdependence pervades the action and provides the structural frame work within which Santiago's heroic individualism and his love for his fellow creatures appear and function. Santiago depends upon the young boy, Manolin, as well as his other friends in his village. The theme of human solidarity and interdependence is also reinforced by several symbols. They are baseball player, Dimaggio, and lions in his dream. They suggest solidarity and love and humility as opposed to isolated individualism and pride. Hemingway gave birth to his great master, The Old Man and the Sea, through his ideal change in his last year old age. Santiago shows a far-sighted view of an old age. Human sincerity, modesty, endurance and courage developed into Stoicism. He said that A man's body dies, but his soul is immortal and never lost courage in the difficult situation. Santiago's strong spirit which is Hemingway's spiritual ideal is well conveyed to the readers. Santiago has learned much in a few days of fishing voyage through much suffering, and he is now able to pronounce a judgment upon the inscrutable human existence and man's destiny. His failure has thus turned out to be his victory.