保安林의 經營實態 및 改善方案에 關한 硏究 : 전라남도 순천시와 광양시를 중심으로
Studies on management condition and improement measures of protction forests Sunchon and Kwangyang districts in Chollanam-do province
보안림 경영실태 개선방안;
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This study was carried out to investigate management condition and improvement measures of protection forests in Sunchon and Kwangyang districts at Chollanam-do province in Korea. The results of this study were as follows : 1. Management condition of protection forests in Korea. Protection forest area was 200,000 ha which was 3% of total forest area in Korea and over 90% of protection forests were private forests. Protection forest area decreased every year from 1955 to 1997. Of protection forests, 80% were headwater conservation forests and 15% were scenery forests. 2. Management condition of protection forests in Chollanam-do province Protection forest area was 17,000 ha which was 3% of total forest area in Chollanam-do and 89% of protection forests were private forests. Protection forest area decreased every year from 1955 to 1997. Of protection forests, 73% were assigned as headwater conservation forests and 20% as scenery forests. 3. Management condition of protection forests in Sunchon and Kwangyang districts In Sunchon, protection forest area was 1,900 ha which was 3% of total forest area, and 87% of protection forests were private forests. Of protection forests, 71% were assigned as second-class headwater conservation forests and 29% as scenery forests. In Kwangyang, protection forest area was 183 ha which was 0.6% of total forest area and 98% of protection forests were private forests. Of protection forests, 78% were assigned as first-class headwater conservation forests and 22% as scenery forests. A detail plan on treatment of protection forests was not established both in Sunchon and Kwangyang. 4. Questionnaire study Forest property scales per household of the respondents were petty as 3.2 ha in Sunchon and 1.9 ha in Kwangyang. About 30% of protection forests were composed of trees over thirty years old which belongs to relatively high age class. Main tree species were pitch pine and chestnut trees and the ratio were 60% and 31%, respectively. Management of protection forests was mainly care of fruit trees. Timber trees such as pitch pine which occupied 30% of protection forests were hardly treated and managed and there was no income from tree felling in protection forests. Most respondents were ignorant of matters related to protection forest assignment such as purpose, period, compensation and revocation, and regarded assignment of protection forests as property right infringement by arbitrary assignment of the government. The respondents believed that losses from protection forest assignment were high in order of restriction of wood production, restriction of property right, fall in the price of forest land, and restriction of transferring to other use. Questionnaire survey showed that the owners of protection forests regarded protection forest assignment as undesirable things, so that the existing system of protection forests should be moderate towards reconciling public and owner's interests.