중독 흡연자(Hard-core smoker)의 일반적 특성에 관한 연구
(A) study for General Characteristics in hard-core smokers
보건정책 및 병원관리학과
중독 흡연자 Hard-core smoker 금연;
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Hard-core smokers are defined as heavy smokers who rarely have quitting histories, so are expected never to quit smoking. The purpose of this study was to provide basic materials for public health programs by analyzing general characteristics of hard-core smokers. The survey was done with 1,044 adults in Seongbuk-gu from December 20, 2002 to December 23, 2002. Research subjects were composed of 58 hard-core smokers, 225 current smokers and 134 ex-smokers. Characteristics of hard-core smokers comparing with those of current smokers as well as ex-smokers were evaluated using univariable groupings and multivariable logistic regression models. Study results could be summarized as follows; 1. The proportion of hard-core smokers in and over the twenties who lived in Seoul in 2002 was estimated by 5.6%. 2. From the unvariate analysis, it was found that the general characteristics of the respondents who showed statistically significant level in smoking were age, marital status, and its education level. 3. The univariate analysis showed that the family-smoking was a significant factor for hard-core smokers. 4. While no difference was found in relation to initial smoking age, hard-core smokers and ex-smokers were more likely to have been heavier smokers than the current smokers. 5. Hard-core smokers had less positive attitude than others related to an opinion of hazard of smoking to health. In 2002, 5.6% of Seongbuk-gu smokers in and over twenties were hard-core smokers. Compared with other smokers, It was found that a person who was in '30-40th', '12 years of education' and 'married' would be more likely to be hard-core smoker. It was also found that a hard-core smoker tended to start smoking at younger age than others groups and also showed more negative health opinions to smoking than other groups.