國家發展과 地域均衡發展에 關한 硏究 : 經濟成長과의 關係를 中心으로
(A) Study on National Development & Balanced Development by Region : Mainly Relation to Economic Growth
국가발전 지역균형발전 경제성장 행정학;
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It comes to the fore as an important politic problem that we have to pursue a balanced regional development on an increased demand of politics and sociality for a balanced development by region together with an economic growth. But until now, they pointed out that they pushed on with a regional policy without an objective appreciation to a property of a regional development in accordance with a step of an economic development with a correct understanding of a development by region, furthermore, the Korean economic growth has been developed during the absence of a regional policy to be different from the western's policy. As a result, it has greatly checked a national development as the serious effect of the regional disparity was felt in a problem of politics and society. Especially, a growth of the regional disparity distorts an efficient distribution of resources for the national economy and it gave rise to a sense of alternation to the residents of a specific region. Accordingly, it deepened a social conflict to check the national harmony and unity due to such a result. Accordingly, as the result of this study, although the Korean government adopted various policies through a development plan of a specific region and policy of the metropolitan area for the population control in a grand city including the metropolitan area from the end of 1960s, yet it deepened a social disparity. First of all, especially, a population concentration and growth into the metropolitan area has been rapidly on an fearful increasing trend over a thirty-year period recently. Nevertheless, this thesis is significant that although the theories between Myrdal and Williamson among the advocates of the regional disparity are in opposition with each other, yet there is no leading study which their theories was positively analyzed. Therefore, a purpose of this study is as in the following, First, to analyze a relation to an economic growth and a balanced development by region. Second, to find out a suggestive point of policy for a national development through analysis of the material. Third, to make the national harmony and unity through the regional policy. The main content in this study is to clarify a relation to an economic growth and a development by region which constitutes a concept of a national development, And as the subject of analysis to take concrete form of the content of the studies, this thesis made analysis of a gap of population density by region and an economic growth as well as convenient facilities of life by region and so on., an object of studies. And it made all the domain of national land an object of a spatial range for the analysis of studies, And the limitative time for this study was fixed as the term when the Korean government drove the fifth five-year economic development plan from 1962 to 2001. A method of study has mainly depended on statistical data in accordance with reference of sundry records. Lastly, the regional problems was treated as a measure for an economic growth in the past as well as the alternative plan for a balanced development by region, however this thesis has been turned its attention that the regional problem was transferred into a social problem in relation to the regional emotion and so on, so that it is to make an alternative plan that the regional policy for change of a policy selection, establishment of a regional development, change of cognition to a balanced development by region as a national development strategies and so forth is able to become the aim-in-itself for a national development in order to make a national harmony and unity.