학습부진아를위한 인지행동 집단프로그램(THINK ALOUD)의 효과 : 주의결함, 충동성, 자기통제력 중심으로
(The) effects of Cognitive Behavior Group Counseling Program (Think Aloud) for the learning disabilities : Attention Defict, Impulsivity, Self-conrtol
학습부진아 인지행동 집단프로그램 아동심리치료;
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The purpose of this study is to examine whether a cognitive counseling program'Think Aloud' - can influence the behavioral characteristics of learning disabilities. Among these behavioral characteristics, I chose inattention, impulsivity and self-control as variables on the basis of the theory on learning disabilities. The subjects were 4th grade elementary school students in Seoul and Incheon. They were determined to have learning disabilities through basic learning ability tests. The students were arranged in an experimental group and a control group, and the experimental group participated in the 'Think Aloud' program twice a week for eight weeks. The following were used as measuring instruments: K-CBCL for the first sorting; the Attention Deficit Disorders Evaluation Scale (ADDS), which was developed by Mc Carney; the Impulsivity Scale, which was produced by Lee Mi-ya on the basis of the questionnaire of Ullmann, Sleator and Sprague; and the Self Control Rating Scales (SCRS) of Goyette and Ulrich to measure the pre-test and post-test results. The results of this study were as follows. First, examination of the average difference between the experimental group and the control group after the experiment showed that there was a meaningful decrease in inattention in the experimental group. This proves that the 'Think Aloud' program had a positive effect on learning disabilities by decreasing inattention. Second, there was also a meaningful decrease in impulsivity on the Impulsivity Scale, which shows that the 'Think Aloud' program had a positive effect by decreasing impulsivity in students with learning disabilities. Third, a meaningful difference was found on the Self-Control Scale. This proves that the 'Think Aloud' program had a positive effect on the self-control of learning disabilities too. These results show that the 'Think Aloud' program, which is based on cognitive behavior group counseling, has a positive effect on the behavior of subjects with learning disabilities.