NGO 活性化 方案에 관한 硏究 : 진주, 사천 지역을 중심으로
Reserach on the plan to make NGOs active : Focus on Jinju, Sacheon area
NGO 비정부기구 지방행정 지방자치 행정학 일반행정;
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In Korea, the local autonomy system started in 1952 after the Korean War. However era of citizen participation really took off after 1990. The transition from an era of violence, repression to a liberal, and all-encompassing society had taken place. We do not know exactly when the citizen participation began but the changes in both the domestic and the international political environment has made citizen participation in government a trend spreading internationally regardless of the differences between special characteristics, political background, and cultural background. Despite the short history after the fight for democracy of June 1987, the fast growth of citizen, community, and local activity show the possibility of NGOs progress. Compared to the long period of modernization of the western world, Korean society's industrialization and democratization for advancing at an enormous pace. The instability and overlapping mind-sets? due to the rapid social change is creating a lot of problems. However, compared to just 10 years ago, the peoples' attitude towards political power and government branches, the cooperation and interdependence between the two sides has grown during that time. It is truly amazing to see the increase in the number of interest groups and civilian organizations, and the social influence they have come to possess over the 10years. This kind of citizen community growth has been continuously spreading through out the local community after the mid-90's and the work of the local community groups is becoming very active. Korea's NGOs is at a point where it must use the growth of the citizen communities as a foundation to improve itself. Therefore refocus on Korea NGOs and try to come up development plan. Based on NGOs theory and current situation of each countries NGOs, we will look at the overall situation of the domestic, and Jinju·Sacheon city area NGOs. Also we will look at some representative NGOs and examples and categorize them and analyze them. Currently Korean NGOs have many problems. The purpose of this thesis is to make a place for democracy and suggest a way to make NGOs active by solving these problems. The 21st century is not a public domain centered on the government nor a private domain centered on profit maximization. It will be a 3rd domain centered on a society with NGOs and interest in it will increase. NGOs help make participative democracy active, overcome human neglect, make community society stronger, overcome the limitations of a nation in modern society so that a variety of public services can be provided and international problems can be resolved peacefully. Therefore for the activation of NGOs, there needs to be policy support form the government, and various strategy and effort of the citizen organizations themselves to strengthen their re-establishment. Also they must increase the organization and professionism of the organization to overcome political powers and activate citizen activity. Especially, the importance of research on NGOs will be recognized because of fast changing social environment and deeper worldly interdependent relationships. Therefore continuous on this will be necessary.