英語의 語順에 대한 敎育文法的 接近 : End focus, End weight, Parsing 理論을 中心으로
(An) Approach to the English Word Order from the View Point : With Special Reference to End Focus, End Weight, and Parsing Principle
어순 End focus End weight Parsing 이론;
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The purpose of this study is to propose a proper account on the word order in some English constructions. For this purpose, the principles of end focus and end weight, and parsing theory are examined that greatly affect the English word order. I take up the issue of the so-called formal object/subject it and discuss the distribution of this grammatical element. For generalizing the analysis, I have examined a lot of sentence examples in several dictionaries and with the help of native speakers. I looked into the sentence types Ⅲ, Ⅳ, and Ⅴ which have a that-clause as their clausal objects. The results of this study are as follows: First, it is impossible to replace expletive-it in a sentence type Ⅲ when that-clause moves rightward over the optional elements such as adverbs and preposition phrases. This is the same with the forth type of sentence pattern. That is, it is impossible to substitute expletive-it in sentence type Ⅳ when that-clause moves rightward over the optional elements. However, the sentence type Ⅴ behaves differently from the previous sentence types. Expletive-it must appear in the original position previously occupied by the rightward moved clause. Whether it must be left in its original position or not depends on the optional or obligatory elements that are crossed over. Expletive-it can be replaced only when embedded element moves rightward over the obligatory elements. This analysis is significant in that it reveals that each element in school grammar has a psychological reality.