(A) Study on Development of the Program Model of Democratic Civic Education for Kindergarten
幼稚園 民主市民敎育 模型 開發 硏究
민주시민교육 유치원교육 교사역할;
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The purpose of this study is to develop the program model for the democratic civic education which is taught in kindergarten. A democratic citizen can be defined as someone who works for the prosperity of the human society and the national society, internalizes public awareness as a citizen when improving the quality of life of the individual, and respects the basic principles of democracy in a society that is changing every second. A democratic civic society forms when a person with the qualities mentioned above aims for the common good by achieving a mutual agreement on various problems of society through rational thoughts based on reasoning. Also, the development of a society depends on the abilities of the citizens, so democratic civic education is an important subject that must be taught as long as the human society exists. This study bases on the standards above, and the research subjects were established as follows. [Subject 1] The standard of the contents of democratic civic education was established. The standards of a democratic citizen were presented as the following five qualities by synthesizing the awareness of democratic citizens asserted by domestic and foreign scholars in regards to democratic civic education. ① Awareness of basic rights ② Internalization of the awareness of order and basic living habits ③ The proficiency of knowledgeㆍfunction of democratic procedures and the will to participate ④ The establishment of economic order and solution of social problems ⑤ Understanding of the internalㆍexternal mutual relations between the citizens, the nation, and the world. This study set these five qualities as the standards of democratic civic education and executed subject 2 by establishing these qualities as the objective of democratic civic education. [Subject 2] The program model for democratic civic education of kindergarten students was developed. The program model for democratic civic education was developed by basing curriculum model for democratic civic education on which was modified Michaelis' 'definition of social studies' model referred from the analyzed data of the sixth kindergarten education curriculum and the democratic civic education in the transition process of Korea's kindergarten education and the characteristics of the development of childhood and the contents of democratic civic education. [Subject 3] The solution for the embodiment of the democratic civic education for kindergarten students was suggested. The solution of this study was suggested under the assumption that by applying the program model for democratic civic education, the present kindergarten will teach democratic civic education more systematically and qualitatively. When these types of studies are found efficient, democratic civic education will be more systematic and the education can be enhanced to consider its connection with elementary schools.