상업 계열 고등학교의 발전 방안 연구
(A) Study on the Development Scheme of Commercial High School in Korea
상업 고등학교 High School;
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This study is to investigate into the current state of the vocational education in Korea's commercial high school. As Korea enters into the Knowledge-based information society, the education in vocational schools also calls for new orientation in their ongoing operation of the educational systems. The purpose of this study is to explore ways to improve the school environment for better education by delineating the key factors that are believed to facilitate the development of the vocational education in Korea. For this purpose, the study, giving special attention to the negative aspects of the overall system, examines the state of the education and the relevant policies. In chapter one, the purpose and the method of the study are described. It also mentions the limit of the study. The second chapter discusses about the mission and the basic orientation of the commercial education in Korea. The study also closely reviews the development of the governmental policies regarding the vocational education. The third chapter examines into the negative aspects in commercial education in Korea. For the purpose of comparison, the study views some cases in other countries. The fourth chapter, based on findings from the previous review, tries to suggest ways to improve the status of the commercial education in Korea. The final chapter wraps up the discussions. As already known, the commercial schools are supposed to bring up students in ways to make them competent and liable to the future business environment. As the society rapidly changes together with the technological development, the educational environment at commercial schools also experience various changes. Among them are the change in basic features of the schools and the inclination to focus more on information technology rather than the traditional concept of commerce. The curriculum at most commercial schools has changed over years to concentrate on information and technology. The schools also keep suffering from the fact that less qualified students in terms of the level of intelligence constitute the classes. Despite of the situation, school curriculum keeps emphasizing on theoretical and conceptual aspects of the traditional commercial materials rather than giving more practical and relevant lessons. The curriculum is still rigid. The fact inevitably results in the students' maladjustment to the field. The schools also keep suffering from the outdated educational facilities that fall far behind the industry standard. For schools, it is another difficulty to have qualified teachers. The difficulties all together have pushed schools to the quagmire and even threatened the survival of the schools. The society's prejudice on elitism and academic performance has also contributed for the declination of the commercial education at high schools. To put it roughly, the commercial schools in Korea are in jeopardy. The study suggests some ways to give lights on commercial education in Korea. First, the commercial schools need to extend their learning opportunities making their links with continuing education. They also need to focus more on flexibility of curriculum and professionalism. Second, various incentives such as academic scholarship and benefits in military services should be offered to students at commercial schools. Third, schools should device a mechanism to secure stable supply of qualified teachers. Fourth, schools should improve academic curriculum in ways to allow more flexibility. Fifth, more systematic career planning and counseling program should be adopted. Sixth, it needs to emphasize expanded and extended cooperation with industry. Finally, social prejudice that looks down on students at commercial schools must be corrected. Institutional and legal obstacles need also to be removed.