몽골의 근로기준법제에 관한 연구 : 한국의 근로기준법과 비교하여
A Study on Labor Standards Laws of Mongolia
iv, 80 p.
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몽골과 한국의 근로기준법 총칙의 비교 내용을 살펴보았다. 그리고 양국가의 임금규정을 비교・고찰하였다. 또한 양국가의 근로계약(근로계약의 체결, 근로계약의 조건, 근로계약의 기간, 해고 제한) 에 대해서 살펴보았다. 몽골과 한국의 근로시간과 연차유급휴가에 대해서 살펴보고 파악하였다.
The development of a country begins from the effort of the nation and labor relations. Mongolia turned from socialist system to market economy system 90 years ago. However, the socialist system still remains. Korea and Mongolia established foreign relations from 1990 and a number of Mongolian workers have been coming to Korea to work since then. Korea and Mongolia have different legal systems as they have different languages and cultures. This study compared the Labor Standards Acts of two countries with the intention to assist the workers staying in Korea. Recently, large corporations of Korea have been helping Mongolian economy greatly through the business activities in Mongolia. This study also intended to help the employer and employees in Mongolia. This study compared and examined the major parts of the Labor Standards Acts of Korea and Mongolia. For example, this study defined the purpose of the Labor Standards Act, compared labor contract, wage, work hours, and holidays, and examined the differences between two countries. 1. Definition of the Purpose of the Labor Standards Act Korean law defines a variety of basic rights of the people based on constitutional standards whereas Mongolian law emphasizes labor contract, collective agreement, and collective bargaining. 2. Wage Payment System Korea pays the wage monthly while Mongolia pays the wage at least twice a month. 3. Labor Contract Korea assigns a worker to a single task while Mongolia assigns a worker to multiple tasks. This study examined the differences by comparing major parts of the Labor Standards Acts of two countries. Korean Labor Standards Act determined the standard for working conditions based on the constitution to guarantee and enhance the basic living of workers and promote the balanced development of national economy. On the other hand, Mongolian Labor Standards Act guarantees the duties and rights of employees and employer in labor relations on a basis of equality based on labor contract, collective agreement, and collective bargaining. It appeared that Mongolian Labor Standards Act has not differentiated itself from the socialist system.