百濟 金銅冠帽와 銀製冠飾의 存在 意味
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The purpose of this paper is to investigate the changed characteristics as a Baekje coronet and the significance of existence by comparing and analyzing gilt bronzed caps and silver diadem. As a result, among gilt bronzed caps, we paid attention to the existence of lotus pattern and tree branch decoration identified in articles excavated from Iksan Ipjeomri No. 1 and Naju Shinchonri No. 9 Eulgwan. In addition, for silver diadem, we raised the question of the meaning of 'Silver flower' found in the literature and we would like to regard silver diadem as the same series in which 'gold flower' was regarded as an arabesque and lotus in actual goods. Therefore, it is natural that lotus pattern and tree branch decoration of gilt bronzed caps are somewhat associated with silver diadem. In addition, we think that gold diadem excavated from Muryeongwangreung took the central position. Even if it was diadem ornament of King and Queen, it could be regarded as the best to represent the lotus pattern. Moreover, we assume various foundations for background in which gilt bronzed caps is converted into silver diadem. First, the background in which Buddhism flourished in the period of Seong King was the period of Muryeong King. Second, “YangJikGongDo” was painted in 526~534. Third, culture of the Yang Dynasty was actively introduced. Fourth, the silver diadem began to be worn in early 6th century. Finally, coronet for King and officials was estimated to be organized and implemented as the coronet system. Taken all together, it is thought that foundation to be produced and changed was made in the period of MuryeongKing. Based on this, we would like to identify the relationship between central and local areas in Baekje. First, we understand that gilt bronzed caps and silver diadem are prestige goods granted by central government. We pay attention to the fact that the characteristics of gilt bronzed caps vary and they are excavated from the traditional burial sites. It is caused by that coronet system is not properly established. Local ruling system can be explained by the Damro system. In other words, Damro system represented by gilt bronzed caps is the regime system of ruling method around a strongpoint castle. In the mid-6th century, the silver diadem emerges in such relation. It is thought to be caused by the combination of social and economical development and political stability in Baekje. As mentioned above, silver diadem belongs to category of coronet system and it is generally excavated from Hoenghyeolsik seoksilmyo (corridor-style stone chamber tombs). Inaddition, morphological characteristics are unified. These findings suggest that local ruling system is the Bang․Gun․Seong system. Thus, transition from gilt bronzed caps to silver diadem represents the aspects of changing prestige goods. In other words, it is the outcome of local ruling system changing from the Damro system to the Bang․Gun․Seong system.