사회계층별로 본 영유아 양육방식에 대한 질적연구 : 경상남도 사례를 중심으로
계층 육아 양육 보육;
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The parenting of children is closely related to social mobility. There are some differences in the way of parenting among the social classes. In recent years, the ways of parenting of young children has widely received social attention. Government policies for parenting of young children have expanded. As a result, there are more options for the parenting of young children. Some previous studies have attributed the differences of parenting of young children to various variables such as household income, mother's age, mother's job, father's education, and infant's age. However, there are few studies which have explicitly focused on the social classes. This study is to analyze the different processes of parenting of young children among social classes. For this purpose, I have classified the social classes into middle, lower and self-employed class, and conducted in-depth interviews with 24 parents who had young children and lived in Gyeongsangnam-do. These interviews showed that there were different ways among the social classes when their children were in infancy. Lower class took care of their baby by themselves. But in the case of middle and self-employed class, their grandparents brought up the children or they used a day-nursery institution. All parents used day-nursery in the earlier stage of early childhood and kindergarten in the latter stage of early childhood. Women's participation in economic activities is the critical variable for the choice of parenting ways. It has greatly influenced the social class position and the ways of parenting of young children. There are no big differences among social classes in the basic patterns of additional education programs, but it is found that middle and self-employed class have spent more on additional education programs.