중등미술교육을 위한 웹툰 활용 방안 연구
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Cartoons are expanding their territory in the new form of webtoons in the popular space of internet. Young adults read webtoons that are updated daily as part of their daily routine to rise as the most loyal customers of webtoons, but cartoons in the school curriculum of arts is not receiving much attention compared to other areas of arts. This study started with questions to boost cartoon education in arts education that has not received its due consideration leading to the planning of arts classes using webtoons in its methodical approach. Cartoons provide various visual experiences to their readers and are capable of delivering creative expressions of topics through the combination of words and drawings. Also, webtoons as an extended area of cartoons are the leading phenomenon of visual culture frequently enjoyed by young adults. Therefore, arts education utilizing webtoons will help students improve their ability to recognize arts and express creatively as well as provide learning experiences to students experiencing mental growth to rightly understand and use visual culture. The purposes of this research are to investigate social and cultural influence of webtoons on young students to propose methods to use webtoons in arts curriculum and lay out teaching and study plans that can be used in arts classes. The research subjects are third year students of middle school that are the most active consumers of webtoons. Also, the contents on cartoons from the 2007 arts and educational curriculum were used as a standard to plan and propose arts classes applying webtoons for the purpose of the research. The educational benefits that are expected as a result of implementing arts classes using webtoons suggested by this research are as follows. Firstly, visual culture plays an important role in the formation of aesthetic sensibility of young students. Arts classes using webtoons that are available to the students most easily and frequently can help them cultivate visual-interpretative ability of visual culture-environment they belong to. The young students who live in the pop culture of reckless mass production through various media can learn to understand pop culture through webtoons they are familiar with and interpret them in social and cultural contexts. In this process, they will develop aesthetic sensibility to accept and enjoy the surrounding environment of visual culture. Secondly, they will increase their creativity by freely expressing themselves. Cartoons are different from usual paintings in that they can deliver stories by placing combinations of words and drawings in series of boxes to freely express one's ideas. Arts classes utilizing webtoons will provide chances to students to freely express their ideas on certain topics and interpret and express various signs placed in cartoons from new perspectives to increase their creativity. Thirdly, understanding of the aesthetical characteristic in webtoons will facilitate an integrated acceptance of the visual culture in life. Young students live in an age flooded with visual information which is a cultural trend that will continue. Cartoons is a leading area of integrated arts by combining stories and visual images, and the understanding and interpretation of such characteristics of cartoons require efforts to recognize and apply individual circumstances in an integrated sense. Those kinds of efforts will aid individuals in understanding and enjoying visual culture surrounding them in their lives even after school education is completed. Today's young adults are more accustomed to watching computers and smart media and feeling than to reading and understanding. The visual culture is not merely a concept of delivering information but tools of communication and understanding to them. Arts education in school is trying to focus on changing visual culture and apply them but still lacking in fact. Therefore, this research suggesting to use webtoons familiar to students as a method of teaching arts as educational tools will hopefully give recognition to a field of cartoons that has not received the rightful treatment for its new educational potential in arts education.