지방 중소도시 시·군지역의 1인 가구 특성에 따른 주택정책 연구
xv, 159 p.
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In modern society, the type of one-person household is increasing due to some reasons such as the change of values in accordance with industrialization and urbanization, increase in unemployment rate caused by the economic downturn, increase in single status and the divorce rate as a result of living conditions, and rising senior citizens who live alone after bereavement. In particular, one-person households have rapidly increased around local small and medium-sized cities. In this regard, this thesis puts its purpose in suggesting the direction of housing policies for one-person households suitable for local small and medium-sized cities (si and gun) by investigating the characteristics of one-person households in the social, economic, and physical aspects. To identify the characteristics of one person households in local small and medium-sized cities, this study divided local cities into two types; city (si) of less than 500,000 and over 100,000 in population and district (gun) of less than 100,000 and over 50,000 in population and after that this study analyzed the density types and characteristics of one-person households targeting 15 cities (si) and 14 districts (gun), which are high in the average rate of one person household in local small and medium-sized cities. The analysis results show that one person household on a basis of a unit of city(si) was divided into two groups; in one group (called group 1), a number of people resided in a dynamic city where the population flow is frequent. In group 1, the rates of single, high educational backgrounds, birth rate, lease on a deposit basis and monthly rent were high, and many people lived in a small apartment. Meanwhile, in the other group(called group 2), people who belong to one person households resided in a city, where the population flow is not frequent. In group 2, the rate of aging population appeared high and high percentage of people lived in conventional residential facilities like a sing-family housing. One person households on a basis of a unit of district(gun) were divided into two groups. In one group (group 1), people's residential environment tended to be good, where the activity of enterprise economy was vigorous. In group 1, a high proportion of young adults and middle-aged people lived in a single house or apartment of the modern style that holds one or two rooms as a type of lease on a deposit basis and monthly rent. In addition, in the other group (group 2), one-person households were located in typical rural areas and people tended to live in a single house with three or four rooms based on a conventional residential facility. In group 2, a number of people lived in areas where the infrastructure and social welfare services are insufficient. The study results reveal that the one person households make a significant difference according to the social, economic, and physical location types. Therefore, this study indicates the direction of house policies, suitable for the location type of one person household as follows: First, the qualitative and quantitative level of one person households in housing conditions should be improved through rebuilding or remodeling in a dynamic city on a basis of a unit of local small and medium-sized cities where population flow is frequent, and especially, the expansion of supply in quasi dwelling such as one-room or officetel (efficiency apartment) for young people who are composed of one person household is required. In addition, since the rates of lease on a deposit basis and monthly rent are high for one person households, the psychological and economic burden occurs due to the instability of residence caused by the burden of housing costs. Therefore, the long-term support through the security of welfare budget is required. Second, in a city where the elderly account for a high proportion among cities on a basis of a small and medium sized city (si), a floating population of young people is small and subsequently birthrate is low, so that houses should be supplied with the major target of the elderly who are composed of one person households in the event of providing new houses. In this case, social welfare or cultural facilities should be accompanied when houses of one person household are supplied in new residential areas or existing residential areas. Third, the differentiated supply of houses according to areas, classes, and types is required by focusing on the actual users of one person household rather than supply planning of aggregated houses in local small and medium cities and districts where enterprise activities are vigorous. In particular, the improvement in the living facilities of residents such as the creation of a satisfactory educational environment as well as the collective supply of small houses is needed around the areas where companies and manufacturers are condensed. Fourth, the demand for housing is low and the industrial and residential environment is inadequate in the rural areas where population is stagnant or on the decrease among the local small and medium-sized cities on a basis of a unit of the district(gun), so that the improvement in access to the area and improvement in the life quality of residents who live in one person households should be made through the supply of satisfactory living facilities or infrastructure.