청소년이 지각한 부모양육태도와 가족건강성
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This study is aimed to provide basic data for improving family strength by finding out the factors which affect to family strength through the investigation of adolescent's perception of parental rearing attitude and family strength, and the investigation of affection of adolescent's perception of parental rearing attitude and family strength. For this, a survey research using questionnaires was conducted on 520 male and female students from first grade of middle school to first grade of high school in the city J in South Gyeongsang province. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0, and a frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation , Chronbach's α factor for reliability analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, a one way analysis of variance, Scheffe-test, pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis were used as analytical methods. The study results are summarized as follows. First of all, regarding subcategories of adolescent's perceptions of father's rearing attitude, authoritative styles was shown to be the highest with 3.57 out of 5, followed by permissive styles with 2.95, authoritarian styles with 2.45, and overprotective styles with 1.92. Related to subcategories of adolescence perception of mother's rearing attitude, authoritative styles was shown to be the highest with 3.82 out of 5, followed by permissive styles with 2.70, authoritarian styles with 2.56, and overprotective styles with 2.12. According to subcategories of perception of parents' rearing attitude, authoritative styles was shown to be the highest with 3.69 out of 5, followed by permissive styles with 2.82, authoritarian styles with 2.51, and overprotective styles with 2.02. Adolescent's democratic perception ratio on rearing father, mother, and parent was the highest. When the study investigated relevant variables showing significant differences in Adolescent's perception of democratically parents' rearing attitude, it was found that the variables affecting authoritative parental rearing attitude perception among socio-demographic variables were parent's school year and economic level, and self-esteem among individual variables. Secondly, students' family strength was found to be not high of 3.46 out of 5, and 69.2%. When the study investigated variables showing significant differences in adolescent's family strength, mother's age, parent's school year, economic level were found among socio-demographic variables, and self-esteem was found to be significant relevant variables among individual variables. Third, according to the study, when adolescent's perceived parental rearing attitude authoritatively and permissively the family strength was raised while the family strength was lowered when they perceived parental rearing attitude authoritatively. Fourthly, the most affective factor of family health is authoritative styles which subcategorizes parental rearing attitude. In conclusion, it was found that the biggest variable affecting family strength was adolescent's perceptions of authoritative parental rearing attitude, and this suggested that authoritative parental rearing attitude perceptions was very significant for improving family strength.