퇴계의 언행록(言行錄)에 나타난 인성의 교육적 의미
- 원문 URL
Recently when we see Korean educational reality, the tendency of education of one-sided college entrance examination and the seriousness of school violence is often pointed out. Most students recognize that the purpose of the study up to the high school is to enter a good college. Naturally personality education is neglected and students are absorbed in the study to get better test results than others. This study aims to examine T'oegye's aspect of mature character and the effort of self-culture and clarify the educational direction necessary for modern people to build up character. Most of all, we surveyed the look of T'oegye's personality appearing in his memoirs 『ŏnhaengnok』. First, T'oegye's look of character appearing in moral training(修身) is as follows. He set forth his aspirations to become a saint through the determination. And he developed himself physically and mentally through cultivation and introspection. He usually cultivated his heart with an attitude of respect to keep the inherent clear mind. And he cultivated his moral virtues with an attitude of learning-for-character. Second, T'oegye's look of character appearing in family management(齊家) is as follows. First of all, he practiced filial piety and brotherly love. And he performed the duty of husband and wife. He practiced the forgiveness to consider my mind and understand others. Third, T'oegye's look of character appearing in ruling a nation (治國) is as follows. T'oegye did his fealty to the nation fully. He advised the king to govern the nation well near by. While he was doing a public service, he practiced righteousness. He reduced the taxes for the subjects, and led a poor but honest life instead of amassing the property. The educational meaning of the character appearing in T'oegye's 『ŏnhaengnok』 is as follows. The educational meaning of character seen in moral training: First, it is the motivation of personality cultivation through determination. Nowadays we have to recognize to cultivate the character in order to lead a happy life. Second, personality cultivation through cultivation and introspection and respect. Nowadays we should make continuous efforts to cultivate the personality through an educational program to cultivate moral thinking power and practice moral life. Third, it is the establishment of identity through learning-for-character. In order to do self-oriented learning, the objective of learning must be the learning for oneself, not to get the acknowledgement of others. The educational meaning of character seen in family management: First, the practice of filial piety and brotherly love and forgiveness. The virtue education of family love and manners, neighborliness should be reinforced. Second, it is the self-cultivation to establish the relationship of husband and wife. Adult male and female should cultivate his or her heart steadily. Because the relationship between husband and wife affects human nature development greatly. The educational meaning of character seen in ruling a nation: First, it is the reinforcement of personality education for royalty. The natural objective of education is to foster a well-rounded human being. Currently in public education personality, education is not well executed. We have to widen the environment for the personality education a variety of efforts in the education of alternative schools and reflect it in public education. Second, it is the establishment of social ethics through righteousness. The leading people of society should cultivate law-abiding, justice, consideration, service spirit and behave in accordance with their moral belief. We should make a moral society through the ethical sense education of righteousness. As reviewed above, we came to know that T'oegye's personality shown in his 『ŏnhaengnok』 is his demeanor to believe human's honest aspect and practice it. Human is always indulged in human greed under the influences of disposition. So T'oegye usually straightened his body and mind with an attitude of respect to keep human honest shape. Also in the education we shall have to pay a continuous effort to draw human honest aspect.