한·중 호랑이 설화 비교연구 : 「한국구비문학대계」와 「태평광기」를 중심으로
한중 호랑이 설화 의식비교;
- 원문 URL
From ancient times, Korea and China have been closely related with each other in history and culture. Tigers play important roles in animal tales of these two countries. By comparing tiger tales of these two countries, this paper discovers that Koreans and Chinese have similarities and differences in thought patterns and values. Furthermore, the author analyzes reasons for these similarities and differences. Based on 'An outline of korean oral literature' and 'Taipingkwangchi', this paper classifies tiger tales into for types according to the relationship between tigers and heroes: the type of worship, the type of gratitude, the type of fierce animal and the type of stupidity. In the tales which belong to the type of worship, tigers appear as supernatural beings and tigers reward or punish heroes according to heroes' good or bad behaviors. From horror of tigers, human beings turn into worshipping them. In Korean tales, human's worship of tigers is described through tigers' help for kind persons. However, Chinese tales express human's worship of tigers by tigers' punishment of evil persons. In the tales of the type of gratitude in Korea and China, heroes help tigers in difficult situations; in turn tigers reward heroes who help them. Human beings and tigers have the relationship of mutual help. The differences lie in that Korean tales have stronger Buddhism color, while Chinese tales show a stronger influence of Taoism. Korean tales of the type of fierce animal depict fierce tigers fail to eat heroes and reflect that humans who occupy higher positions than tigers have supernatural power. On the other hand, Chinese tales of this type describe heroes who either defeat tigers or fail to defeat them. Human's power of defeating tigers in Chinese tales is not as strong as Korean tales. Korean tales of the type of stupidity manifest tigers' foolishness from two aspects: tigers' cowardice and heroes' wisdom. On the contrary, Chinese tales of this type quip authorities by describing tigers' stupidity. To summarize, Koreans and Chinese show similarities and differences in worship conciseness, filial awareness, gratitude conciseness, thoughts of revenge and irony. The fact that both Koreans and Chinese are affected by Confucianism causes the similarities, while the fact that Chinese are much more affected by Taoism causes the differences.