기혼직장여성의 직장-가정 역할갈등과 대처방법을 통한 경험학습 과정 연구
- 원문 URL
ABSTRACT A Study on the process of experiential learning of married female workers through the work-family conflict Min, Byeong Hyang Department of Education Graduate School of Education, Kongju National University Gong Ju, Korea (Supervised by Professor Park, Sang Ok ) The study was to examine the process of experiential learning among married women who had to deal with the work-family conflict. In accordance with the procedures, the survey method was used and how participants coped with role conflict and learned from their experiences was analyzed in the study. The meaningful contents reported by participants were categorized into sub-categories. The participants who began their careers in the 1980~1990s were recruited, and three of them suffered a disconnection from work more than once. Six participants suitable for the study were selected after in-depth interviews among 10 applicants. The data collected from July 2013 when the pre-interview took place to May 2014. With the consent of participants, their verbal reports were recorded and recording contents were transcribed by the experimenter. The results of data analysis were as follows. played an essential role in the process of experiential learning and mainly informal learning was important in the experiential learning. The interaction of different factors influenced on experiential learning rather than determined by any one factor. Experiential learning in the process of coping role conflict among married women was discussed with the prospective of Kolb's four dimensions. First, the potential for stress and conflict increased among participants who were responsible for both work and family when they needed to balance between them. The difficulties were misbalance between work and family, the non-cooperation in family members, lack of time, neglection of child care. It increased when a woman's husband or family members had a tendency to stereotype gender roles that household work is a woman's job regardless of occupation. Second, participants in these roles dealt with conflict alone by suppressing their stresses and negative affects to make home peaceful. However, as the difficulties were not decreased over time due to the dilemmas of dual role and internal/external cultural pressures, they tried to find other alternatives by reflecting on what went wrong. Third, the failure provided new ways to find better strategies. Participants who had suffered role conflict were passive at the beginning. However, after they've learned their passive and confirmative attitudes did not help to solve their problems, they tried to find other alternatives by learning their experiences. Through contextual interaction, participants tried to understand their role conflict in the context of environment rather than as personal issues faced by individuals. Rather than to conform to the conflict situation, participants found alternatives available around them through contextual interaction, recognize the importance of relationships and social networks, learn from others such as mentors or role models, establish identity to live their lives as a owner, and start to reestablish their strategies to cope role conflict in a more efficient way. Fourth, the participants who had their own perspectives tried to understand others' points of views by putting themselves in other's shoes. They attempted to find better solutions through the contextual interaction and communication, divide roles, establish support systems, and change strategies to interact with the context. They tried to find peace of mind through the self-development and the religious life, and widen contacts with people. To solve work-family conflict among married women, people should be aware that a variety of challenges that the married women face are needed to be solved by both men and women. Additionally, stereotypes of gender roles should be disappeared and men should cooperate in managing homes as well as parenting and educating their children.