William Golding의『파리대왕』 : 인간본성의 양면성과 구원의 가능성 연구
A Study on the Duality of Human Nature and the Possibility of Salvation in William Golding's Lord of the Flies
i, 62 p.
William Golding Lord of the Flies;
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This thesis aims to explore the innate dual nature of human consciousness in Lord of the Flies, written by William Golding, and to evaluate the author's opinion on human nature. As it is parodied from The Coral Island by R. M. Ballantyne, Lord of the Flies is an adventure story about boys shipwrecked on a desert island. The boys well represent all humanity today who struggle with innate evil. Lord of the Flies has been approached differently depending on what the main characters in the story symbolize. When Ralph and Jack are considered to imply democracy and totalitarian respectively, the novel is about the clash of political ideas. On the other hand, when Ralph, Jack, and Simon are understood as representing human, devil, and God respectively, the story is about Christian view of good and evil. Moreover, there are ongoing researches that approach the conflicts in this story with Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality. As above, due to its allegorical yet realistic description, Lord of the Flies allows researches from various areas such as politics, religion, and psychology. This thesis focuses on following aspects. Firstly, it examines the symbols used in the story concerning human nature and analyzes the conflict relation of those symbols. Secondly, comparing Western philosophy with Eastern philosophy, it intends to build integrated view on human nature. Finally, going further from the existing researches based on dual nature, this thesis covers the possibility of the salvation of human nature. Golding never argued that human nature deserves to meet its doom, which implies that he did not give up hoping for the redemption of mankind from evil nature. It is difficult to make a distinction between good characters and evil characters in the story because both good and evil reside in all the characters. It was Golding's perspective on human nature that good nature and evil nature are inseparable like two sides of the same coin. This story deals with the stereotypical subject of human nature. However, what makes this story untypical is that it lacks a hasty answer on the raised question of whether human nature is good or evil. Thus, Lord of the flies is open to varied interpretation. This openness may be the virtue that we need the most in the modern society. In the end, true human nature is a desire to be embraced rather than judged.