무상보육에 대한 부모와 교사의 인식
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The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of parents and teachers on free childcare and their satisfaction level with free childcare programs in an attempt to provide some information on priority for the childcare support policy. Four research questions were posed: 1. What are the awareness of parents on free childcare and their satisfaction level? 2. What are the awareness of teachers on free childcare and their satisfaction level? 3. What are the differences among parents in awareness of free childcare and satisfaction level according to their family variables(parent variables and child variables)? 4. What are the differences among teachers in awareness of free childcare and satisfaction level according to their teacher variables? The subjects in this study were 524 parents and 314 teachers. The parents had their children attend daycare centers located in the city of Busan. After a survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed by a statistical package PASW WIN 18.0 to find out the awareness of the parents and the teachers about free childcare programs. The findings of the study were as follows: First, as for the awareness of the parents on free childcare programs and satisfaction level, the parents thought that the national and local governments should back up free childcare cost for infants and toddlers aged between 0 and five since they were under financial pressure due to child rearing. The older parents thought they faced more pressure because of other related expenditure, and they were satisfied a lot as free childcare programs served to cut down on their educational spending. Second, concerning the awareness of the teachers on free childcare programs and satisfaction level, the teachers had the highest opinion on childcare programs, followed by childcare support programs, childcare- related law/free childcare policy, and the delivery system of childcare policies. They were most satisfied with the way of paying childcare fees by credit card every month. Third, as to differences among the parents in awareness of free childcare programs and satisfaction level according to their family variables(parent variables and child variables), the parents who were better educated and earned a larger income thought there was more room for improvement in that aspect. As for the reason, the older parents replied other related costs put a bigger strain on them, though every childcare fee was provided. In terms of differences in satisfaction level according to the parent variables, there were differences according to the academic credential and income of the fathers. In relation to differences according to the child variables, there were differences according to the type of daycare center, the pattern of using the daycare centers, satisfaction with childcare hours, and the person who took care of their children outside the childcare centers. Fourth, in regard to differences among the teachers in awareness of free childcare programs and satisfaction level according to teacher variables, the principals took the best view of childcare-related laws and free childcare policy, and the employer-supported daycare center teachers had the highest opinion on childcare programs. As to differences in awareness of the delivery system of childcare policies, their career and academic credential made differences to that. Concerning differences in awareness of childcare support programs, there were differences according to age, career, academic credential and title. Regarding differences in satisfaction with free childcare programs, the teachers who were older and better educated expressed higher satisfaction, and the type of the daycare centers for which they worked made statistical significant difference to their awareness of priority for childcare support programs.