성폭력 피해 지적장애여성의 삶의 경험에 관한 현상학적 연구
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The purpose of this study is to find out the meaning and the essence of how the lives of sexually abused women of mentally retarded are. This study chose to do a phenomenological research in the qualitative researches, so that it would suggest some policy directions for the sexually abused women of mentally retarded and also provide useful data for establishing the recovery of the sexually abused. Participants were selected as typical examples of 6 mentally retarded women in the third grade who are able to be interviewed. Through the study, 456 meaning units were derived and 85 units were derived as common component. Finally, 9 common components were categorized according to the temporal structure after tying 22 sub-components as unit summary . According to the result of study, this study could find out that the sexually abused women of mentally retarded were not receiving growth care from their parents and were subjected to violence and ridicule at both home and school. They were relative-sexually abused for not being cared and so had to live out the lives without any help from others. Due to ongoing sexual violence from others and ignorance of the family, the participants experienced death like depression. The helplessness of life caused by sexual damage lead them to deviant behavior and was eventually connected to prostitution since there were prejudice and indifference of both society the family. In this course, the participants experienced unwanted pregnancy and childbirth and felt guilty for not raising their children themselves. And sometimes, they had to do abortions due to the repeated rape. This vicious cycle of sexually abused women of mentally retarded can be stopped with the help from people around and related agencies, which will give them safe, legal protection and medical and psychological support. In the process, they began to wish their children would live happily, and decided never to do the prostitution again though economically in poor. Also, they had strong will not to be hurt in the violence any more as they recovered their self-esteem that they were actually nice people. Based on these results, what we learnt from the lives of mentally retarded women who are sexually abused are as follows. Sexually abused women of mentally retarded were exposed to ongoing violence and sexual abuse due to the absence of care from their parents while they grew, and these made them experience death like depression. Thus, to protect mentally retarded women from violence, it is urgent to establish a secure care system and psychological counseling and the treatment of psychological trauma recovery should be carried out. In the indifference of family and society, the mentally retarded women were to be away from home and experienced pregnancy and abortion for indiscriminate sex. It is certain that it is impossible for the mentally retarded women to change their lives with their own efforts alone when without any supporting system. Which means, they would conform to violence when in the absence of care. But when under the stable protection, they would not only be responsible for their children but also improve the self-determination as a subject of life. This study has regional limitations in selecting research subjects since it was conducted for sexually abused women of mentally retarded who are residing in Ulsan area only. Also, it has limitations in dealing not enough with their recovering experiences, though it is a study on the experience of the sexually abused women of mentally retarded. Therefore, in the follow-up studies, it is required to do the in-depth research on recovering experiences of sexually abused with comparison and verification through selecting subjects from various regions.