학교스포츠클럽활동 참여 중학생의 운동행동 변화단계별 신체적 자기개념과 체육수업 태도
Physical Self-Concept and Attitude to P.E. Class by the Stages of Motor Behavior among Middle School Students Participating in School Sport Club Activities
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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the physical self-concept of middle school students participating in school sport club activities and their attitude to P.E. class, as middle school students are in adolescence that features more rapid physical and mental growth than any other period of life. The subjects in this study were 300 middle school boys and girls in the city of Changwon, South Gyeongsang Province, on whom a survey was conducted. The findings of the study were as follows: First, as for the distribution of gender in each stage of motor behavior, the rate of the boys was smaller than that of the girls in the first, second and third stages, but the former was larger than the latter in the fourth and fifth stages. Second, there was no significant relationship between the distribution of the students who were in the upper grades and that of the students who belonged to the higher stages of motor behavior. Third, the students who were in the higher stages of motor behavior had a better physical self-concept. As for the subfactors of physical self-concept(flexibility, regular workout, body fat, muscular strength, sport confidence and endurance), the students who were in the higher stages of motor behavior scored significantly higher in every subfactor of physical self-concept except body fat. It's initially assumed that the stages of motor behavior to which they belonged wouldn't significantly be related to their scores in appearance and health, and there were no significant differences in those regards according to the stages of motor behavior, as expected. Fourth, their total scores in attitude toward P.E. class were significantly different according to their stages of motor behavior. The students who were in the higher stages of motor behavior took a more positive view of P.E. class. Also, there were significant differences in every subfactor that was basic attitude, technical/physical fitness-related attitude, psychological attitude and social attitude. The students who were in the higher stages of motor behavior took more positive attitudes in every aspect. The findings of the study illustrated that the stages of motor behavior to which the middle school students who participated in school sport club activities belonged had an impact on the subfactors of their physical self-concept and attitude to P.E. class. Specifically, the higher stages of motor behavior exerted a more positive influence on physical self-concept and attitude to P.E. class. Therefore it's concluded that school sport clubs should be run in a better way in order to let students find more delight in P.E. class and school life to get rid of problems with today's school education.