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미국의 에어마샬 제도의 시행과 법적 쟁점에 관한 연구 원문보기

  • 저자

    賈寶羅

  • 학위수여기관

    韓國外國語大學校 政治行政大學院

  • 학위구분

    국내석사

  • 학과

    공공정책학과

  • 지도교수

    文俊朝

  • 발행년도

    2014

  • 총페이지

    89 p

  • 키워드

    항공기내 보안 에어마샬;

  • 언어

    kor

  • 원문 URL

    http://www.riss.kr/link?id=T13538751&outLink=K  

  • 초록

    A Study on the Deployment of Federal Air Marshals and Legal Issues Relating thereto The rising of air transportation demand has increased the importance of aviation security. The purpose of aviation security is to contribute to increased safety on flights with appropriate measures to prevent illegal actions directed against commercial flights. Air piracy has been present almost as long as there has been commercial air transportation service. Reportedly, more than 1,000 hijackings have occurred worldwide since the late 1940's. In response, international organizations, States and related authorities have been leading and participating in several efforts to enhance the aviation security. The Federal Air Marshal Service(FAMS) is a United States federal law enforcement agency employed to protect passengers, crews and aircraft. FAMS is under the supervision of the Transportation Security Administration(TSA) of the United States Department of Homeland Security(DHS). The use of air marshals per se began as a result of an inordinate amount of highjackings of U.S. airplanes in the late 1960s. Federal Air Marshal Program had repeated the expansion and reduction with air terrorisms targeting U.S. airlines. After September 11, 2001, President George W. Bush fervently proclaimed, “We will come together to improve air safety, to dramatically expand the number of air marshals on domestic flights and take new measures to prevent hijacking” and then, the number of air marshals had increased into the thousands only a year later. On December 29, 2003 U.S. pronounced a directive, which is requiring carriers to put armed air marshals on some flights to the United States, airlines and pilots around the world have been assessing a new U.S. security measure. The legal basis for the 2003 directive is on Chicago Convention. Some countries are complying with the directive but others are resisting to it with practical problems and legal uncertainties of air marshals. U.S., however, still requests to deploy air marshals on board to all around the world. The aviation authority of Korea also needs to examine the introduction of air marshal program, since our airlines have provided flights to United States. This study described overall aviation security and change of in-flight security systems after 9.11 in chapter 2, and the history of Federal Air Marshal Program in chapter 3, legal issues as a result of the global expansion of program in chapter 4, and lastly the validity of introduction of air marshal program to Korea in chapter 5.


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