국제기업가정신과 사회적 자본이 지식획득과 신제품 혁신성 및 수출성과에 미치는 영향
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The Effects of international Entrepreneurship and Social Capital on Knowledge Acquisition and Product Innovation and performance Existing studies on expansion of international new ventures or born-global firms typically point toward resource-based view as the cause. According to the resource-based review, internationalization of new ventures could be attributed to the entrepreneur's competence and network that allow him to quickly acquire knowledge of overseas markets. Therefore, despite the fact that both internal and external resources of international new ventures play a critical role in enabling them to secure a competitive edge in the foreign market, it is hard to find existing empirical studies that show how these resources could affect the knowledge base of international new ventures in overseas markets. In response, this study has empirically analyzed how international entrepreneurship of international new ventures and their network tie could affect knowledge acquisition and creation of overseas markets and what effects this acquired knowledge could have on the actual performance of the company. Therefore, this study not only reveals the influence of international entrepreneurship and network on export performance but also empirically identifies the relationship between these two variables with the knowledge of technology and overseas markets as parameters. As dependent variables, export performance, product innovation, and knowledge utilization have been analyzed as well. The study has observed CEO and managers of 147 international new ventures using the structural equation model of AMOS(18.0) to analyze the date. The specifics of the results are as follows. First, international entrepreneurship was shown to have a positive effect on enhancing technological knowledge and acquiring knowledge of overseas markets. Social network tie and business network tie were also shown to have the same positive effect. This result confirms that the competence of the CEO/manager plays a critical role in the rapid internationalization of international new ventures. Second, enhancement of technological knowledge has a positive effect on product innovation and export performance. Therefore, it is important that international new ventures work toward building a systematic knowledge mechanism within the company that can acquire and utilize external resources as well as build an internal channel for knowledge integration. Third, knowledge acquisition of foreign markets has a positive effect on product innovation and export performance. This shows that international new ventures should try to understand the demands of overseas customers as wells as maintain good ties and cooperate with competitors and distributors. Finally, international entrepreneurship and business network tie were shown to have a positive effect on export performance. However, social network ties was not shown to have a positive effect. This shows that international entrepreneurship and business network tie have a direct relationship with export performance.