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열린 세계를 향한 언어 : 월러스 스티븐스의 추상의 시학과 프래그머티즘 원문보기

  • 저자

    박서영

  • 학위수여기관

    한국외국어대학교 대학원

  • 학위구분

    국내석사

  • 학과

    영문학과

  • 지도교수

    정은귀

  • 발행년도

    2014

  • 총페이지

    97 p

  • 키워드

    Wallace Stevens Abstraction Pragmatism Richard Rorty Richard Poirier;

  • 언어

    kor

  • 원문 URL

    http://www.riss.kr/link?id=T13538820&outLink=K  

  • 초록

    Towards the Language of an Open-ended World: Wallace Stevens' Poetics of Abstraction and Pragmatism This thesis argues that Wallace Stevens' poetics of abstraction forms the language towards an open-ended world correlating with American Pragmatism. Pragmatism, constituting a branch of American thinking at the turn of the 20th century, rejects the notion of the absolute Truth pursued by the Western intellectual tradition. Severing the link between language and its supposed role of mirroring reality, Pragmatism explores the possibilities of various interpretations of the world, of the power of new language creating new truths. Amid the turmoil and spiritual impoverishment of early 20th century, Wallace Stevens, reflecting anti-foundationalism of William James, perceived the need to replace the old 'foundational' things such as God and Reason. Stevens' poetics of abstraction is the poetic construction of the belief that our lives are composed not of the reality itself but of our understanding and experience of it. Stevens emphasized both the limit and the power of language which helps understand the obscure world subject to change and contingency. As Richard Poirier aptly suggests, Stevens acknowledges that our language cannot represent reality as it is and sharply recognizes the evidence of failure, the gap between the language describing the thing and the thing described. Rather than succumbing to this failure, however, Stevens tries to construct a space of possibilities and potential power that can lead to change and new understanding of the world. While leaving the 'vagueness' of the world intact and uninterpretable as it is, Stevens finds a way to construct the world by educing the potential strength of the “flawed words” embedded with the active intervention of imagination. Stevens' keen attention to the musicality of poetry was also an effort to make the best use of the potential power of words. His faith in the variability of an open-ended world and the power of metaphors and sounds in words became a force leading up to his poetics of abstraction. Stevens' unflinching desire for pure poetry and the poetics of abstraction developed from it still remains controversial. Stevens described imagination as one of the great human powers and the 'only genius,' and asserted that 'the extreme of its achievement lies in abstraction.' For Stevens, poetics of abstraction is itself the 'supreme fiction' that distrusts certainty and singular definition of the chaotic world; it bears and embraces all the changeable, coincidental, peculiar and temporary phenomena and marks the power of language in/as/for the open-ended world and thus endures time and change.


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