도시경관 기록화 사업의 사진기록물에 관한 연구
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A Study on Photographic Records of The Urban Landscape Photography Documenting Project: Focusing on Urban Landscape Photography Documenting Project in Incheon, Daejeon Metropolitan City Human beings had developed themselves by exploiting the nature on earth. An urban area is a permanent human settlement where people's social activities have been conducted. The city which has been affected by human life exerts an effect to human life again. So, to read the figure of urban area means to read the human social activities. Especially, there are cultural memories and spectacles in the city. So, altogether with those cultural memories and spectacles, the city became to have a unique identity. And what is remained in the city is called landscape. The landscape shows the cultural life of the human visually. As the essence of the spot, landscape shows the identity of the spot. These kinds of spots reveals itself as history which memories and culture have been piled up. The landscape of the city itself has been evolved gradually with cultural vestige. However, modern city destroys original landscape, makes them retrogress through the new physical buildings and sculptures and also forms a new type of landscape. Modern urban area where capitalism is prevalent in could be changed with the capital. As if this zeitgeist has been reflected properly, the balance between nature and urban landscape has been gone, and standardized apartments have been built. A historical landscape has also been disappeared with the capitalism, and plenty of business districts are formed. Through this, distinct characteristic has been faded away and unique identity of urban area also disappeared and standardized. Due to the disappearing landscape, townspeople also lost their identity of the spot. The most basic way to research urban area is to analyze the documentary and record of the city from past and present. These kinds of documentaries consists of cultural and periodical characteristics. As I mentioned earlier, however, modern times city is changing very rapidly. Through these kinds of developments, the landscape which has been remained for a long time and cultural memories and historical memories are in crisis to be disappeared. So, in order to preserve the historical and cultural identity, it is very important to record and document the record which is relevant to cities. Collecting archives is important part when it comes to documenting the city-related data, but also documenting the visual images through creating new data and collecting is also very significant. Buildings bear the cultural characteristics as the segment of the city, and also it has the symbolism of the time. In addition, documenting the landscape of these various physical aspects of buildings enables us to reproduce them again even if the real spot has been gone. Thus identity of the city can be preserved safe. There has been a few attempts to document the record through photos of some megalopolis in Korea. It is called Photographic Records of The Urban Landscape Photography Documenting Project. Although scenic conservation act has been legislated recently, but still, urban area is changing rapidly. In these situation, Photographic Records of The Urban Landscape Photography Documenting Project is a lot meaningful and significant. Also records which are results of the project will become archives with high cultural and historical archives through records management. Thus, in this paper, I tried to investigate the archival meaning and value of the Urban Landscape Photography Documenting Project of Incheon and Daejeon city in Korea.