The Effectiveness of Education Policies in Integrating Second Generation Migrant Children
HANKUK UNIVERSITY OF FOREIGN STUDIES. Graduate School of International and Area Studies
Professor Mason Richey
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The Effectiveness of Education Policies in Integrating Second Generation Migrant Children : A Comparative Study Between the French and the German Education Systems A central concern about immigration is the integration into education and labor market, not only of the first generation, but also of subsequent generations. Little comparative work exists for Europe's largest countries like France and Germany which have become, perhaps unwittingly, countries with large immigrant populations albeit with very different ethnic compositions. This thesis compares the education policies of France and Germany regarding their effectiveness in integrating second generation migrant children successfully into their education systems and to labor market subsequently. The comparative results of this study demonstrate that second generation migrant children in both countries underperform significantly in comparison with their native peers even after accounting for socioeconomic differences. Therefore, the reasons of this underperformance are being discussed focusing mainly on institutional discrimination, school segregation and institutional separation. Finally, some European Union's recommendations and suggested policies are being proposed with the purpose to improve the efficiency of the educational systems of France and Germany considering the integration of migrant children.