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DEMOCRATIZATION MOVEMENT IN THE 1980S AS A COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM 원문보기

  • 저자

    Seong, Jeong Hyun

  • 학위수여기관

    HANKUK UNIVERSITY OF FOREIGN STUDIES. Graduate School of International and Area Studies

  • 학위구분

    국내석사

  • 학과

    유엔평화학과

  • 지도교수

    Ekra Miezan

  • 발행년도

    2014

  • 총페이지

    248 p

  • 키워드

    Democratization Movement US Occupation Peace Korea;

  • 언어

    eng

  • 원문 URL

    http://www.riss.kr/link?id=T13538949&outLink=K  

  • 초록

    DEMOCRATIZATION MOVEMENT IN THE 1980S AS A COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM: ACRITICAL EXAMINATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA'S POLITICAL TRANSFORMATIONS AND ALTERNATIVE PERSPECTIVES This research was set about to visualize “the invisible” that has prompted and sustained the Republic of Korea (ROK)'s democratization movement in the 1980s. For nearly three decades after the democratic transition in 1987, it has become evident that attaining the visible elements of liberal peace ―representative democracy, human rights, rule of law, etc.― was not a sufficient condition for peace in the Korean context, and, there is a need for an alternative perspective that will complement the current model of peace. It has taken two main methodological approaches. The first one is a qualitative historical analysis where it has looked for sources and data, going back to the US occupation period (1945 to 1948), in order to track the origin of the stabilizing elements that later maintain the authoritarian regimes of the ROK, which is metaphorically described, in this research, as an “equilibrium-oriented system.” The second approach is a combination of in-depth interviews with a small sample of former activists and content analysis of related research on the subject, through which the democratization movement in the 1980s was identifiedas a “complex adaptive system” comprised of the de-stabilizing elements that have successfully challenged the equilibrium-oriented system from below. Findings of this research reveal that, having inherited the spiritual and philosophical legacies from anti-imperialist resistance movement of colonial times, the movement in the 1980s has attempted to bring structural changes, which was making peace with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). Instead, however, it sought compromise with the Liberal Peace Paradigm, which is now more of a hindrance than a pathway toward the peace in the Korean context. Ultimately, the alternative perspective introduced in this research ought to be able to, first, fully contextualize the meaning of the ROK's bottom-up social movements in the past, which was about attaining peace on the “territory” as well as the one on the “map.” And then, this alternative perspective should contribute to prompting a new anomaly ―sustainable, bottom-up social movement― in the current, near-equilibrium system of the ROK, leading Korean nation toward a paradigm shift.


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