Assessing Indian Development Assistance From DAC Standards
Jin, Sae Bom
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. Graduate School of International and Area Studies
Yang, Yun Jeong
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Assessing Indian Development Assistance From DAC Standards In the past 60 years of history of foreign aid, the Development Assistance Committee, the international forum of advanced donor countries has played a major role as a control tower of international assistance. But the global aid architecture is now watching new comers entering the scene of development cooperation, such as Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). Although origins of traditional development assistance was not only about the altruistic motive but also containing political and economic purposes, controversial debates has aroused over the quality of aids from these emerging donors, which are seemingly different from traditional aids. This study investigates the case of Indian development assistance based on DAC norms and principles, the Peer Review Guidelines in specific. The DAC mechanism of Peer Reviews suggests guidelines of evaluation: (1) Towards a comprehensive development effort; (2) Policy vision and strategic orientations; (3) ODA allocations; (4) Organization fit for purpose; (5) Delivery modalities and partnerships; (6) Results, transparency and accountability; and (7) Humanitarian assistance. Followings are the 7 key findings attained from the assessment. At first, India does not have a holistic and comprehensive ODA policy. Also, decision making rationale or prioritization is not clearly stated, but Indian aid is focused on mutual interests in practice. Thirdly, total volume of Indian aid has substantially risen, mostly based on the increase of LoCs. And, India does not have a consolidated institutional framework for development assistance. Fifth, Indian ODA concentrates on lending (LoCs), which is in a tied condition. Next, monitoring or evaluation results are not transparently and systematically open to all stakeholders. Finally, India lacks a systematic approach in giving humanitarian relief. In sum, the study concluded that India appears not to provide development assistance in compliance with the values the DAC puts an importance on.