The Use of Conjunctive Adverbials in Research Articles of American, Hong Kong/Singaporean, and Korean Authors
Suh, Jung Won
HANKUK UNIVERSITY OF FOREIGN STUDIES. GRADUATE SCHOOL
Choe, Hoh Sung
iv, 76 p.
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The Use of Conjunctive Adverbials in Research Articles of American, Hong Kong/Singaporean, and Korean Authors The present study examines the use of conjunctive adverbials (CAs) in research articles written by English as a Native Language (ENL), English as a Second Language (ESL), and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) writers. A total number of 89 research articles (RAs) were collected, written by professional writers from the United States, Hong Kong/Singapore, and Korea. The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the overall frequency of CAs and usage patterns of the four semantic categories of CAs occurring in different language groups as well as any patterns of overuse, underuse, and misuse by each group. The results indicate that the overall frequency of CAs used by the Korean EFL writers was significantly greater than that of the ENL and ESL writers. The Korean EFL writers overused adversative and causal categories of CAs most often while the frequency of use of CAs in all semantic categories was nearly identical between the ENL and ESL writers. With a closer examination of the actual use of individual CAs by each group, some misuse of CAs was found in both the ESL and EFL groups, but the amount of misuse was far greater in the Korean EFL writing. The problematic use of CAs was found to be due to a misunderstanding of semantic and grammatical functions which may have led to a failure in developing logical relation in academic writing. Thus, the findings may give some pedagogical implications for teaching and learning strategies, and allow learners to raise their awareness of grammatical function and understand the semantics of CAs to make their writing more effective.