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족궁형성운동이 유연성편평족 농구선수의 하지정렬과 체력적요인에 미치는 영향 원문보기
The effect of arch-formation exercise on the lower leg alignment & physical factors of basketball players with flexible flat foot

  • 저자

    한상민

  • 학위수여기관

    세종대학교 일반대학원

  • 학위구분

    국내박사

  • 학과

    체육학과 체육학

  • 지도교수

    이용수

  • 발행년도

    2014

  • 총페이지

    114

  • 키워드

    유연성 편평족 족궁형성운동 주상골 낙하검사 대퇴사두근각 체력적요인;

  • 언어

    kor

  • 원문 URL

    http://www.riss.kr/link?id=T13541153&outLink=K  

  • 초록

    본 연구는 12주간의 족궁형성운동이 유연성 편평족을 가진 농구선수의 하지정렬과 체력적요인에 미치는 영향을 알아보고, 족궁형성운동을 통해 유연성 편평족의 개선 효과와 족궁형성을 통한 경기력 향상에 도움을 주는데 그 목적을 두고 연구를 시작하였다. 이 연구의 대상자는 의학적으로 건강하고 특별한 질환이 없는 유연성 편평족을 가지고 있는 농구선수 30명을 대상으로 실시하였으나 개인적인 사정과 규칙적인 운동프로그램을 수행하지 못하는 6명을 제외한 총 24명을 대상으로 12주간 주3회씩 운동을 실시하였고 6주차에 점진적 운동방법을 통해 반복횟수와 세트수를 재설정하여 운동량을 적용하였으며, 6주와 12주후에는 사전검사와 동일하게 주상골의 높이 검사와 대퇴사두근각, 체력적요인 측정을 통해 트레이닝 전, 중, 후의 변화를 분석한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 첫째, 좌,우 주상골 높이변화는 족궁형성운동을 실시한 실험집단과 비교집단은 주상골의 높이가 점차 감소하였고 족궁형성운동을 실시하지 않은 통제집단은 6주후에는 변화가 없었으며 12주후에는 증가하는 추세를 보였다. 둘째, 우측 대퇴사두근각만 유의한 차이가 나타났으며 족궁형성운동을 실시한 실험집단과 비교집단은 대퇴사두근각이 점차 감소하였고 족궁형성운동을 실시하지 않은 통제집단은 약간 증가하는 추세를 보였다. 셋째, 좌, 우 무릎신전근 변화는 외적인 훈련을 통제하지 못한 실험집단과 통제집단은 무릎 신전근 근력이 점차 증가하였고 외적인 훈련을 통제하며 족궁형성운동만 실시한 비교집단은 약간 증가하는 추세를 보였다. 넷째, 민첩성 변화의 경우 족궁형성운동을 실시한 실험집단과 비교집단은 6주후와 12주후 민첩성이 점차 향상되었으며 통제집단은 6주후 점차 증가하였으나 12주후 감소하는 현상이 나타났다. 다섯째, 평형성 변화의 경우 족궁형성운동을 실시한 실험집단과 비교집단은 평형성이 점차 감소하였고 족궁형성운동을 실시하지 않은 통제집단은 평형성의 변화가 약간 증가하는 추세를 보였다. 여섯째, 순발력 변화의 경우 외적인 훈련을 통제하지 못한 실험집단과 통제집단은 순발력이 점차 증가하는 현상이 나타났고 외적인 훈련을 통제하며 족궁형성운동만 실시한 비교집단은 순발력의 변화가 나타나지 않았다. 일곱번째, 유산소성능력 변화의 경우 족궁형성운동을 실시한 실험집단과 비교집단은 유산소성 능력이 점차 증가하였고 족궁형성운동을 실시하지 않은 통제집단은 유산소성능력 변화가 약간 증가하는 추세를 보였다. 결론적으로 12주간 족궁형성운동을 통해 족궁이 형성됨에 따라 이상적인 하지정렬이 이루어지고 과도한 족궁 무너짐이 감소됨으로 인해 체력적 요인(평형성, 유산소 능력)에 긍정적 영향을 미쳐 선수들의 경기력 향상과 유연성 편평족 개선에 도움을 줄것으로 사료된다.


    This study examined the effects of a 12-week arch-formation exercise on lower leg alignment and physical factor of basketball players who have flexible flatfoot and were training to improve their flexible flatfoot through the arch-formation exercise and improve their performance. The subjects in this study were 30 basketball players with flexible flatfoot who were medically healthy and did not have any particular diseases. Among subjects six players who did not perform a regular exercise program due to their personal circumstances were excluded. And with a total of 24 players, the exercise was carried out 3 times a week for 12 weeks. In the sixth week, the number of iterations and the number of sets were reset through a progressive exercise method. Between Week 6 and Week 12, the same way as that of the pre-test, changes of lower leg alignment before, during, and after the training were analyzed through navicular height test and Q-angle and physical factor measurement. As a result, the following conclusions were drawn. First, for changes of navicular height, there were significant differences among the groups before, during, and after the experiment in both left and right navicular heights, and in the arch-formation exercise group and the reference group, there were significant decreases in navicular heights of the exercise group from them before the training between Week 6 and Week 12. Second, for the changes of Q-angle, there were no significant differences in the right Q-angle among the groups before, during, and after the experiment while there were significant differences in the left Q-angle among them. For both arch-formation exercise group and the reference group, there were significant decreases in their Q-angles from them before the training between Week 6 and Week 12. Third, for changes of knee extensor, there were significant differences among the groups before, during, and after the experiment. In the reference group, the degree of increases was not greater than the other two groups. There were significant increases in the knee extensor of the experimental group and the control group after 12 weeks compared to that before the training, while there were decreases in that in the reference group after 12 weeks. Fourth, for changes of quickness, there were no significant differences among the groups before, during, and after the experiment. There were significant increases in quickness in all the three groups with arch-formation exercise between Week 6 and Week 12, while in the control group, the increases in quickness decreased between Week 6 and Week 12. Fifth, for changes of balance, there were significant differences among the groups before, during, and after the experiment. In the arch-formation exercise group and the reference group, there were significant decreases in balance between Week 6 and Week 12 compared to that before the training, while in the control group, their balance increased after 12 weeks. Sixth, for changes of rapidness, there were significant differences among the groups before, during, and after the experiment, and in the exercise group and the control group, their rapidness increased, while in the reference group, there were no big changes. In the exercise group and the control group, there were significant increases between Week 6 and Week 12, while in the reference group, there were decreases after 12 weeks. Seventh, for changes of aerobic capacity, there were significant differences among the groups before, during, and after the experiment, and in all the three groups, there were significant increases in their aerobic function between Week 6 and Week 12. In conclusion, as an arch was formed through a 12-week arch-formation exercise, an ideal lower leg alignment was made, and over-arch collapse was reduced, which had positive impacts on their physical factors (balance and aerobic capacity), so it was suggested that it could help players improve their performance and flexible flatfoot.


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