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When authoritarianism survives : North Korea, Libya, Syria 원문보기

  • 저자

    Nadezda, Medvedeva

  • 학위수여기관

    Graduate School, Korea University

  • 학위구분

    국내박사

  • 학과

    정치외교학과

  • 지도교수

    주형민

  • 발행년도

    2014

  • 총페이지

    vi, 184 p.

  • 키워드

    International Politics;

  • 언어

    eng

  • 원문 URL

    http://www.riss.kr/link?id=T13541982&outLink=K  

  • 초록

    The study investigates factors influencing authoritarian regime survivability. The study of these factors has primarily importance with more non-democratic regimes experiencing political change and the recent waves of anti-government protests in the Middle East and Eastern Europe. The evolution of events of the Arab Spring has shown that the domestic policies considered to be the tools of authoritarian survival fail to explain the variation among the cases of authoritarianism. Regimes sharing all important domestic policies still differ in their fate. Even the most seemingly oppressive and sustainable authoritarian regimes fell, while others managed to persist. The variation is puzzling and this dissertation attempts to answer the following questions. First, what are the factors influencing authoritarian regime's ii survivability? Second, why even some of the highly authoritarian regimes, which appear internally rather stable and have eliminated any possibility of opposition to grow into a substantial force, may experience change? Finally, how the variation between the cases of North Korea, Libya and Syria can be explained? This dissertation argues that the interaction of international factors will provide better explanation of authoritarian regime survival. International factors, such as: 1) a revisionist great power possessing will and capabilities to promote a regime change; and 2) a pro-regime great power that also has both will and capabilities to support the regime in power, – may affect the existing distribution of power between the ruling regime and the opposition, thereby influence the proximity of the regime change. The proposed theory is based on the thorough study of the three cases: Libya, North Korea, and Syria. The study of the causes of variation suggests new theoretical insights concerning the dynamics of authoritarianism, which will continue to play an important role in the twenty-first century, since in the next decades we will likely see uneven rates of anti-regime revolutions, with the wave of uprisings spreading through the Arab World and even beyond. Keywords: Authoritarian Regime, Regime Change, Regime Survival, North Korea, Libya, Syria.


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