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면직물의 저$\cdot$Formaldehyde D.P. 가공
Low Formaldehyde Release D.P. Finish on Cotton Fabrics

김성련   (서울대학교 가정대학 의류학과UU0000691  ); 류효선   (서울대학교 가정대학 의류학과UU0000691  ); 노형은   (서울대학교 가정대학 의류학과UU0000691  );
  • 초록

    In order to control the formaldehyde release from D.P. finished fabric, cotton fabric was padded in DMDHEU resin bath containing either $Zn(NO_3)_2$ or $MgCl_2$ catalyst and a form-aldehyde scavenger like Glycerol, Sorbitol, Formamide, Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA, n= 2000) or diols, then dried and cured. The results are as follows : 1. When Lewis acid catalyst like $Zn(NO_3)_2$ or $MgCl_2$ was added in pad bath, the fabric finished with $Zn(NO_3)_2$ catalyst released the lower formaldehyde than with $MgCl_2$ . 2. When the effect of pad bath pH was examined with varying the kinds of catalyst and the scavenger, it was found that the pad bath pH influenced on the amount of formaldehyde release and the optimum pad bath pH is at 4.3. Especially, in case of finishing at pad bath pH 4.3 with adding Formamide, the amount of formaldehyde release was decreased by about $45\~$35\%$ with $Zn(NO_3)_2$ , while by about $20\~$45\%$ with $MgCl_2$ catalyst. In case of varying the concentration of a scavenger (Formamide), $1\%$ concentration of a scavenger was found to be the optimum level ana the higher the curing temperature up to $180^{\circ}C$ , the lesser the amount of formaldehyde release were observed. 3. When the diol was used as scavenger, the amount of formaldehyde release was decreased by about $40\~$50\%$ , but the longer the intramolecular length between OH groups, the lessor the amount of decrease of formaldehyde release were observed. 4. When the mixture of scavengers (Formamide and Glycerol) was added in the pad bath, .synergistic effect on formaldehyde release between the two scavengers wasn't observed. 5. The tensile strength of the resin finished fabric was reduced with increasing the pad lath pH and was influenced by the kind of scavengers, and the tensile strength was severely reduced when scavengers, especially Formamide, was added. The wrinkle recovery property is generally improved by resin finish on cotton fabric. When Formamide was added, the wrinkle recovery property is slightly decreased compared with that of the fabrics resin finished without a scavenger, and when polyol was added, the wrinkle recovery property showed almost no change.


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  • 김성련 (27)

    1. 1977 "솜의 보온특성분석" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles 1 (1): 25~29    
    2. 1977 "오염중의 유이지방산이 세척에 미치는 영향(제일보 팔미트산의 세척 특성)" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles 1 (1): 31~37    
    3. 1978 "수지가공시 중에 잔존한 유리 Formaldehyde에 관한 연구" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles 2 (1): 125~131    
    4. 1978 "세탁후 최종처리액의 조성이 직물의 오염 및 세척성에 미치는 영향" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles 2 (1): 167~176    
    5. 1979 "Cellulose 섬유의 미세구조" 韓國纖維工學會誌 = Textile science and engineering 16 (1): 53~60    
    6. 1979 "수지가공포의 유리 Formaldehyde 발생억제( I ) -요소에 의한 후처리효과-" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles 3 (2): 29~36    
    7. 1980 "오염중의 유리지방산이 세척성에 미치는 영향 제2보 고형오염의 세척성" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles 4 (1): 43~48    
    8. 1981 "세척조건이 직물에의 Calcium 침착에 미치는 영향" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles 5 (1): 9~14    
    9. 1981 "Triglyceride의 세척성에 영향을 미치는 몇가지 요인" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles 5 (1): 15~21    
    10. 1982 "고형오염의 재침착에 영향을 미치는 제인자" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles 6 (2): 33~40    
  • 유효선 (5)

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