18세기 후기 프랑스 여자복식에 관한 고찰
A Study on Women's Costume in the Period of Late 18th Century
The change and development of costume are related to the cultural and socioeconomic factors. In the 18th century the mode of the women's costume in France was greatly influenced by the Rococo style. Elegance and exaggerated ornaments were the major characteristics of the woman's cos-tume in the Rococo period. The high hairdress and the widely hooped panier represented the typical Rococo fashion. From the second half of the 18th century onwards the aristocracy began to lose the battle with the bourgeoisie for political and economic power, and at the same time bourgeoisie fashion exerted an influence on court dress. The court fashion dominated the women's dress fashion in France up to the Revolution. Marie Antoinette, The Queen of Louis XVI, was one of the most influential fashion leaders in the lath century. The fashion, after attaining its highest point in 1770s, changed to a new direction in 1780s under Louis XVI. From that period onward the dimensions were smaller, hairdresses were not so high, and the trimming on the various garments was less liberal. In the mode, exaggeration was replaced by simplicity, and formality was replaced by functionalism.
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- Bae, Soo-Jeong 2012. "The Transition of Late 18th Century Women's Costume and Enlightenment, with Reviewing the Portraiture of Marie Antoinette - Focused on 1770-1793 -" 服飾 = Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, 62(1): 120~136
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