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도서관학 = Journal of the Korean Library Science Society v.19, 1990년, pp.189 - 241   피인용횟수: 2

정보검색자의 인지양식이 정보검색에 미치는 영향
Field Dependence/ Independence and the Performance of the Online Searcher

유재옥   (덕성여자대학교 도서관학과UU0000446  );
  • 초록

    This study identified cognitive styles of online searchers in terms of Field Dependence (FD) and Field Independence (FI) dimension and determined whether searching performance was affected by FD / FI cognitive differences between online searchers and the extent to which searching performance was affected by the FD / FI dimension of cognitive style. This study used a quasi experimental design with 41 student subjects using the Lockheed DIALOG system and ERIC ONT AP database. Cognitive styles of student subjects were measured by using GEFT (Group Embedded Figure Test) and the subjects were divided into two cognitive groups- FD and FI based on the GEFT scores. Each subject was assigned two predetermined searches which had different search goals-a 'high precision search' and a 'high recall search.' Search performance of the two cognitive groups on the two problems was compared in order to see how these two groups responded to achieving different search goals in terms of search strategy, search inputs, and resulting search outputs. The major findings of this study were: 1. The pattern of approaching a search problem regardless of whether it was a high precision search or a high recall search was not significantly different between the two cognitive groups. 2. The FI group tended to use significantly more terms for the high recall search than the FD group but slightly less time than the FD group. However, significant differences in connect time between the two groups were not revealed. 3. For both search problems the FI group achieved a significantly higher success rate than the FD group. The FI group were significantly more successful searchers than the FD group. As for unit / cost, although the FI group were more cost effective than those of the FD group for both searches, these differences were too small to be statistically significant. 4. Mean differences of the search performance variables between the FD / FI groups were consistent across the two types of search questions. The FI group seemed to be equally effective for both types of search questions. In conclusion, the differences found in number of terms used and success rate between the two cognitive groups apparently resulted from different cognitive styles.


  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

    1. 1996. "The Effect of the Search Goal Requirements on Online Searching Behavior" 정보관리학회지 = Journal of the Korean society for information management, 13(1): 65~82     
    2. Choi, Moon Jung ; Jeong, Dong Youl 2013. "A Study on Effect of the Cognitive Style of Field Dependence/Independence to the Information-Seeking Behavior of Undergraduate Students" 한국문헌정보학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, 47(1): 125~147     

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  • 유재옥 (20)

    1. 1988 "CD-ROM검색(檢索)이 온라인검색(檢索)에 미치는 영향(影響)" 정보관리연구 = Journal of information management 19 (2): 1~16    
    2. 1988 "장서평가에 관한 소고 -특히 이용조사를 중심으로-" 도서관학 = Journal of the Korean Library Science Society 15 (): 175~195    
    3. 1995 "대학도서관의 목록이용행태 특성에 관한 연구 - 덕성 여자대학교 도서관을 중심으로 -" 한국문헌정보학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science 29 (): 281~304    
    4. 1996 "온라인 탐색자의 개인적 특성에 관한 문헌연구" 한국문헌정보학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science 30 (4): 39~60    
    5. 1997 "대학도서관의 온라인목록 이용특성에 관한 연구 -덕성여자대학교를 중심으로-" 한국문헌정보학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science 31 (4): 289~318    
    6. 1998 "온라인목록 이용자의 주제탐색행태에 관한 연구" 한국문헌정보학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science 32 (4): 209~225    
    7. 2000 "대학도서관의 웹기반 전자참고정보 서비스에 관한 연구" 정보관리학회지 = Journal of the Korean society for information management 17 (4): 171~186    
    8. 2000 "CORBA/JAVA를 이용한 분산 서지정보 검색시스템 개발에 관한 연구" 정보관리학회지 = Journal of the Korean society for information management 17 (1): 7~20    
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    10. 2001 "대학도서관 이용자의 정보요구에 관한 연구: 참고질문을 중심으로" 정보관리학회지 = Journal of the Korean society for information management 18 (2): 125~142    

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