담배용 흡착제들의 동공 특성에 관한 연구
Studies on Pore Characteristics of Several Adsorbents
Various active carbons were made from plant sources of coconut shell, pine tree, oak tree and lignite coal. Pore characteristics of these adsorbents were investigated. 1, With increasing activation time, specific surface area and pore volume increased, but the development of micropores was limited at a certain level. The average pore diameter, by BET, of coconut active carbon was 15.5-21.8 $\AA$ and that of lignite carbon was 15.6-31.3 $\AA$ . The pore diameters of silica-gel, sepiolite and zeolite was 30.9 $\AA$ , 58.6 $\AA$ and 55.7 $\AA$ , respectively. 2. The Horvath - Kawazoe micropore diameter of coconut shell active carbon was under 10.5 $\AA$ and that of the other active carbon was under 20.9 $\AA$ but silica-gel 33 $\AA$ , sepiolite 103 $\AA$ and zeolite was unexpectedly large to be 175 $\AA$ . From the difference between BET micropore diameter and Howath - Kawazoe diameter, it could be said that silica - gel has comparatively uniform pore diameter but sepiolite and zeolite have very uneven diameter. 3. Total pore volume of coconut shell active carbon was 0.27-1.04 cm3/g but that of the other active carbon, 0.23-0.62 cm3/g, was much lower than that of coconut shell active carbon. Hydrophilic adsorbent silica - gel and sepiolite showed big difference in specific surface area, but pore volumes of these were 0.47 and 0.56 cm3/g showing similar value and micropore volumes of these were, respectively, 0.06 cm3/g and 0.04 cm3/g. Total pore volume of zeolite was 0.1 cm3/g and that of micropore was only 0.02 cm3/g.
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